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Uses of maths in daily life essay

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Batman Essays and Research Papers. Title: Reserch the film batmat outfit. 1. Refine your topic- focused on recommend: the movies or may be the batman character (and his Costume) in two of the movies (dark night, batman begins) 2. Research the film(s), the director(s), the costume designer (s) _ what was their vision. 3. Use the film costume, contrast of of maths in daily life essay two different “ batman ’s” to explore how your theme- the failure of futuristic technology to resolve basic human struggles ?? is expressed through dress. Batman is the character who does not have natural super power or special skill like supermen has. In daily life, Batman is an American billionaire playboy, industrialist, and philanthropist. Also, he is socially reputable individual who can afford to have futuristic gadgets. Should Be Included Personal Essay! When he was young his parents were murdered in of maths life essay, front of his eyes, and he swore revenge on crime. Batman trains himself both physically and essay water intellectually. Because he is a billionaire he could have high technology.

In the Batman movie, Batman has lots of new spectacular high technology that represent the in daily essay futurism. For example his multifunction car, and bulletproof vest are representation of heroic futurism. In this paper, I will show some examples of heroic futurism based on essay for college Batman and other heroic outfits. Batman ’s Intelligence and Personality. Batman is in daily essay a master detective, probably one of the best in the world. He has a high IQ score which isover 200. He studied in the key fields of interest such as ballistics, criminal psychology, chemistry, toxicology and various forensic sciences. Batman is fluent in half a dozen languages as well. Abstract Education! Batman is nearly undefeatable by all but the most powerful of metahumans and has been known to take down foes with powers in the Superman range, such as the pale martians who possessed near invulnerability, heat, and x-ray vision, super hearing, invisibility, shape changing powers, super speed, super strength and telepathy.

In a matter of hours Batman defeated four of of maths in daily life essay those who had previously incapacitated the rest of the Justice League. Batman always has a plan and uses every resource available to him. Despite of all the statement for surgery residency strength and knowledge, Batman is just a man and can make mistakes, such as when he ran himself ragged and of maths essay set himself up as easy prey for Bane. Batman will always choose saving a life over apprehending a criminal and what transitions order of importance essay so a cunning foe will set up such a situation to allow himself to escape. Even though Batman is exceptionally knowledgeable person in numerous fields of in daily studies, he does not function well without Alfreds help. His character is portrayed as an incomplete individual, which is probably unchanged fact in futuristic society as well. No matter how much the technology improves our life style, we will always other individuals to assist. Batman 's old costume is derived from his Troika costume which was all black with leg fins on his boots. Purpose! However, the new version of uses of maths in daily his cloth has electrically resistant fabric, and it is fire resistant and bullet proof. The color scheme is giver black and of maths life grey, and what in a essay no longer has leg fins.

Batman 's utility belt is uses of maths life full of high-tech devices. It contains Batarangs, decel jump lines, grapnels, a short term rebreather, forensic tools, gas and smoke capsules, stun grenades, flash capsules, as well as a one-time high voltage electric shock device. The older version of outfit is made with leather, which represents modern and richness of in physical Batman . In Daily Essay! Originally Leather is a durable and flexible material. Leather is what transitions are appropriate for an of importance a very practical material. Because leather is a natural material and has been preserved in the tanning process, it requires very little maintenance to keep it supple, clean and comfortable. It has longevity with continuous use; leather upholstery outlasts fabric at uses of maths life least 4 times longer. However there are other properties of leather, which make inappropriate choice of material for Batman . Leather tends to stretch over thesis abstract frequent use and over time. Of Maths In Daily Essay! If batman wears his clothe for a couple of in a personal years, the size and uses of maths life fitting will change.

Other property of leather is its inability to regulate temperature. Leather does not breathe and essay on zamzam in urdu ventilate so it does not to uses, adjust to the environment. For someone like Batman who needs lots of movement, material that can regulate the temperature and insulate his body from the of an appendix outside weather would be desirable. On that note, synthetic material such as Spiderman’s polymer based spandex fabric would be a better choice. Architectural Setting, Batcave. Despite of all the other far-fetched technology in the movie, the movie does not always use a high-end technology. The most recent Batman movie, the essay Dark Knight features an old school technology. Early in the movie Bruce Wayne and Alfred are planning an what transitions order essay, operation where Batman employs a device called Skyhook in order to board a flying plane from the ground. Skyhook is a 40 year-old technology, which is still in uses of maths in daily life essay, use in military operation. Basically it is a giant balloon hanging in the sky where a plane flies into the cable and catches the V shaped fork then lifts up the person on the ground.

Then, plane’s crew retrieves the person using a winch. ( batman -skyhook.php) Other Characters from the Movie. Catwoman also has high-tech gadgets, such as domino-shaped infrared goggles on her cowl and retractable claw on her gloves and boots. However, Catwoman's favored weapon is a whip, which is not a high tech weapon. The outfit is focused to depict female villain image, rather than to represent futuristic female image. The Joker's physical appearance is a polar opposite of that of Batman . Batman uses dark colors such as gray and purpose of an appendix in an black to intimidate criminals, while The Joker relies on bright colors, such as purple, green, and sometimes orange to uses essay, do his bidding. The Joker also has a melted cliche clown face, the origins of which differ depending on the continuity he is used in. Essay Giver Question! Some incarnations of The Joker see him wearing actual make up (such as in in daily, the film The Dark Knight), while others show his skin actually having been bleached (as in Batman 1989). He also traditionally has green hair and red lips, to complete the look of the psycho clown. The Joker commits crimes with comedic weapons such as a deck of purpose in an essay bladed playing cards, an acid-squirting flower, cyanide-stuffed pies, exploding cigars filled with nitroglycerin, harpoon guns that utilize razor-sharp BANG!-flags, and a lethally electric joy buzzer. His most prominent weapon is his Joker venom, a deadly poison that infects his victims with a ghoulish grin as they die while laughing uncontrollably.

This paper also pointed out of maths life essay, a few points that can be improved in transitions for an order of importance essay, different character in order to represent futuristic settings better. As much as the in daily movie was successful in creating a iconic super hero and plotting believable internal struggles, there is few other points to be improved. On Zamzam Water! In conclusion, it is life essay worth to point out that high tech gadget may improve our daily life, but the basic human struggles cannot be resolved by the future technology. Title: i a fan fiction written Batman Title Batman New generation story year 2033 bruce wayne a son named Alfred late butler Alfred darknight fences needed a good quality fanfiction. Total Pages: 3 Words: 909 References:0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. story : its the year 2033 , bruce wayne has a son and named him Alfred after his late butler. Title: How did Christopher Nolan distinguish the portrayal of Batman in The Dark Knight while at the same time elevating the superhero film genre. Total Pages: 14 Words: 4714 Works Cited:10 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. Body (development/methods/results) Conclusion.

References and bibliography Appendices. The rubric to follow. A. Research Question. This criterion assesses the extent to what essay for college, which the purpose of the uses essay is specified. In many subjects, the aim of the essay will normally be expressed as a question and, therefore, this criterion is called the “research question.” However, certain disciplines may permit or encourage different ways of question formulating the research task. To meet this criterion, a sharply focused research question defining the purpose of the essay must be stated clearly within the introduction. It is uses of maths life essay not sufficient simply to include it on abstract in physical the title page or in uses in daily life essay, the abstract.

To make “effective treatment possible”, first, it must not be too broad, which will lead to superficial treatment. Should Be Included In A! Second, it must allow for critical argument, and uses of maths in daily essay not simply require a descriptive or narrative treatment. For example, “To what extent is X like Y?” allows for argument, whereas “What is what transitions for an X like?” only invites simple description. Uses Life Essay! • Not stated in the introduction. • Does not lend itself to writing a personal, a systematic investigation in an extended essay in the subject in which it is registered • Stated in the introduction. Essay! • Not clearly expressed. • Too broad in scope to thesis abstract in physical education, be treated effectively within the word limit • Clearly stated in the introduction. Uses Essay! • Makes effective treatment possible within word limit. This criterion assesses the extent to which the introduction makes clear how the research question relates to existing knowledge on the topic and explains how the topic chosen is significant and worthy of investigation. The introduction should set the transitions are appropriate for an of importance research question or hypothesis in uses of maths essay, context. For example, it might outline necessary theoretical principles on which the topic depends, summarize other related research conclusions, or give a brief history or geographical location of the issue under discussion. The introduction should also indicate the what are appropriate order essay significance of the of maths in daily essay question being researched??Why is it important to answer it?

What value might it have to others? What implications could the findings have? • Little or no attempt is made to purpose of an appendix, set the research question into context. • Little or no attempt to explain the significance of the topic • Some attempt is made to establish the research question in context. • Some attempt to of maths life essay, explain the significance of the topic and why it is worthy of investigation • Context of the research question is clearly demonstrated. • Introduction clearly explains the significance of the topic and why it is worthy of investigation. This criterion assesses the should in a personal for college extent to which the investigation is uses life essay planned and of an appendix an appropriate range of sources has been consulted, or data has been gathered, that is relevant to the research question. Where the study involves experimentation or practical fieldwork, a detailed description of the procedures used, possibly with diagrams or photographs, should be given, such that an independent worker could effectively repeat the study. Careful attention should be given to the design of experiments to include use of, for example, quantification, controls, replication and life essay random sampling, where appropriate. The selection of techniques should be explained and justified, and any assumptions upon which they depend should be clearly stated. • Little to no evidence that sources have been consulted or data gathered. • Little to no evidence of planning in the investigation. • A range of inappropriate sources has been consulted or inappropriate data has been gathered. • There is what are appropriate for an little evidence that the investigation has been planned • A limited range of appropriate sources has been consulted or data has been gathered. • Some relevant material has been selected. • There is evidence of some planning in the investigation • A sufficient range of appropriate sources has been consulted or data has been gathered. • Relevant material has been selected. • The investigation has been satisfactorily planned • An imaginative range of appropriate sources has been consulted or data has been gathered. • Relevant material has been carefully chosen. • The investigation has been well planned. D: Knowledge and Understanding of Topic. “Academic context”, as used in this guide, can be defined as the current state of the uses life field of thesis abstract in physical education study under investigation.

However, this is to be understood in relation to what can reasonably be expected of a pre-university student. For example, to obtain a level 4, it would be sufficient to relate the investigation to the principal lines of inquiry in the relevant field; detailed, comprehensive knowledge is not required. Students are expected to have a sound knowledge and understanding of environmental systems and societies, as detailed in uses of maths, the current Environmental systems and societies guide. For many topics, this knowledge will need to be supplemented through independent study. Be Included Essay For College! Ultimately, the student should possess sufficient knowledge of the topic to handle the issues and arguments effectively. To score highly on this criterion, a student would also need to uses in daily, show clear and perceptive links between their own study and the body of theoretical knowledge associated with this subject. • Essay demonstrates no real knowledge or understanding of the topic • Essay demonstrates some knowledge but little understanding of the topic. • Essay shows little awareness of an writing statement for surgery, academic context for uses of maths in daily essay the investigation • Essay demonstrates an adequate knowledge and purpose some understanding of the topic. • Essay shows some awareness of an academic context for the investigation. • Essay demonstrates good knowledge and understanding of the topic. • Where appropriate, the essay successfully outlines an academic context for the investigation • Essay demonstrates a very good knowledge and understanding of the topic. • Where appropriate, the of maths in daily life essay essay clearly and precisely locates the investigation in an academic context.

E. Reasoned Argument. Purpose Of An In An! This criterion assesses the extent to of maths in daily essay, which the essay uses the material collected to present ideas in a logical and coherent manner, and develops a reasoned argument in relation to thesis abstract in physical education, the research question. There should be a clear step-by-step logical argument linking the raw data to the final conclusions. Each step or proposition on the way should be defended against any plausible alternatives and potential criticisms with clear evidence. Personal opinions are acceptable, but again should be convincingly substantiated by the available evidence. The argument must directly answer the uses of maths essay research question in the precise way that it has been formulated. *Where the research question does not lend itself to of an appendix in an, a systematic investigation in the subject in uses in daily essay, which the essay is writing a personal for surgery registered, the maximum level that can be awarded for life this criterion is 2. • No attempt to develop a reasoned argument in relation to the research question • Limited or superficial attempt to present ideas in a logical and coherent manner. • Limited or superficial attempt to develop a reasoned argument in relation to the research question • Some attempt to present ideas in a logical and on zamzam in urdu coherent manner. • Some attempt to develop a reasoned argument in relation to the research question, but this is only partially successful • Ideas are presented in a logical and uses in daily essay coherent manner. • A reasoned argument is essay giver question developed in relation to the research question, but with some weaknesses. • Ideas are presented clearly and in a logical and coherent manner. • Essay succeeds in developing a reasoned and convincing argument in relation to the research question. F. Application of Analytical and Evaluative Skills Appropriate to uses of maths in daily essay, the Subject. Transitions Order Of Importance Essay! • Essay shows no application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skills • Essays shows little application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skills • Essay shows some application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skills • Essay shows sound application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skills • Essay shows effective and sophisticated application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skills. G: Use of Language Appropriate to the Subject. Students are expected to use appropriate scientific and systems terminology, as employed in the current. Environmental systems and societies guide. • Language used is inaccurate and unclear. • No effective use of terminology appropriate to the subject • Language used sometimes communicates clearly but does not do so consistently. • Use of terminology appropriate to the subject is only partially accurate • Language used for the most part communicates clearly. • Use of terminology appropriate to uses in daily essay, the subject is usually accurate • Language used communicates clearly. • Use of thesis abstract education terminology appropriate to essay, the subject is accurate, although there may be occasional lapses • Language used communicates clearly and precisely. • Terminology appropriate to the subject is used accurately, with skill and understanding.

This criterion assesses the extent to which the essay incorporates a conclusion that is relevant to transitions are appropriate for an, the research question and in daily essay is consistent with the evidence presented in the essay. Essay! It is uses of maths in daily essay highly recommended that this aspect of the essay is given a separate section with its own heading. It should contain a brief, concise statement of the conclusion that is in direct response to on zamzam water, the research question or hypothesis. This should not involve new information or arguments, but should be a summary of what can be concluded from, and is supported by, the evidence and argument already presented. new questions that have emerged and deserve further attention. • Little or no attempt is of maths in daily life essay made to provide a conclusion that is relevant to the research question • A conclusion is attempted that is relevant to what should in a personal essay for college, the research question but may not be consistent with the evidence presented in the essay • An effective conclusion is clearly stated. • Conclusion is uses of maths life essay relevant to the research question and consistent with the evidence presented in the essay. • Where appropriate to giver question, the subject concerned, the conclusion includes unresolved questions. I: Formal Presentation.

This criterion assesses the extent to life essay, which the layout, organization, appearance and essay formal elements of the essay consistently follow a standard format. The formal elements are: title page, table of uses of maths life essay contents, page numbers, illustrative material, quotations, documentation (including references, citations and bibliography) and appendices (if used). This criterion relates to the extent to which the what should be included for college essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is deemed unacceptable (level 0). Essays that omit one of the required elements??title page, table of uses of maths in daily life contents, page numbers??are deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1). Be Included In A Personal Essay! • Formal presentation is unacceptable. • Essay exceeds 4000 words • Formal presentation is poor. • Is within the life essay word limit • Formal presentation is satisfactory. • Is within the word limit • Formal presentation is good. • Is within the word limit • Formal presentation is excellent. • Is within the word limit. The requirements for purpose of an appendix essay the abstract are for it to state clearly the uses of maths in daily essay research question that was investigated, how the investigation was undertaken and the conclusion(s) of the essay.

The abstract is judged on the clarity with which it presents an overview of the research and the essay, not on the quality of the research question itself, nor on on zamzam the quality of the argument or the conclusions. • Does not state the research question. • Does not state how the uses life essay investigation was undertaken. • Does not state the conclusions of the essay. • Exceeds 300 words • States the writing a personal statement for surgery residency research question that was investigated. • States how the investigation was undertaken. • States the conclusions of the essay. • Is within the word limit • Clearly states the research question that was investigated. • Clearly states how the investigation was undertaken. • Clearly states the conclusions of the essay. Uses In Daily Life! • Is within the thesis in physical word limit. K: Holistic Judgment. The purpose of this criterion is to life, assess the qualities that distinguish an essay from the average, such as intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight. While these qualities will be clearly present in the best work, less successful essays may also show some evidence of them and should be rewarded under this criterion. This criterion invariably favours those students who have some direct involvement or personal contact with the environmental issue under study, and this should be encouraged wherever possible.

It is more challenging for a student to be included personal, clearly demonstrate personal engagement, initiative and insight in a topic with which their sole contact has been through the Internet or library bookshelves. • Essay shows no evidence of intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight • Essay shows little evidence of intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight • Essay shows some evidence of intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight • Essay shows clear evidence of intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and of maths life insight • Essay shows considerable intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight. Customer is requesting that (hophead) completes this order.

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Math in Everyday Life essays

Ph.D. Recipients and uses of maths in daily life essay their Thesis Abstracts. Quasisymmetric Functions and residency Flag Enumeration in of maths in daily Eulerian Posets. Abstract: We study the algebraic and enumerative combinatorial aspects of Eulerian posets and their quasisymmetric generating functions. Residency! These generating functions span the so-called peak algebra Pi, which originated with Stembridge's theory of enriched P -partitions. Remarkably, many constructs in uses the peak algebra that are natural in the context of of an in an, enriched P -partitions are also important from the viewpoint of flag enumeration. Of Maths! For example, we show that the fundamental basis of peak functions arising from enriched P -partitions of chains is precisely the basis that is needed to properly encode the cd -index, a common invariant in the study of convex polytopes and Eulerian posets. As another example, the descents-to-peaks map, which relates the ordinary and enriched theories of abstract in physical education, P -partitions, turns out to be important for computing the flag-enumerative information of an oriented matroid based on that of the underlying matroid.

We introduce a family of Eulerian posets, called posets of uses in daily, signed order ideals. Each of these posets is defined by appropriately signing a distributive lattice. What Should Be Included In A Personal! We establish that the of maths in daily, flag-enumerative relationship between a poset of signed order ideals and its underlying distributive lattice is completely analogous to purpose of an that between an oriented matroid and its underlying matroid. Furthermore, we show that these posets are EL-shellable, they have non-negative cd -indices, and life their quasisymmetric generating functions enumerate the enriched P -partitions of certain labeled posets. We analyze the (external) Hopf algebra structure on what for an order Pi, showing it to be dual to the concatenation Hopf algebra on uses of maths life essay letters of odd degree. Consequently, Pi is freely generated as a commutative algebra. Upon closer inspection of the generators, we find that Pi is free as a module over the ring of Schur Q -functions. Purpose Of An! Much of our analysis builds on basic properties of a monomial-like basis for the peak algebra, as well as a recursively defined basis of eigenvectors for the descents-to-peaks map. We give a simple criterion, in terms of this monomial basis, for of maths life essay, determining when an element of Pi is symmetric.

Homological Results in Commutative Algebra. Abstract: We discuss a bound on the multiplicity of for college, ideals in the first chapter. Herzog and Srinivasan have conjectured that for any homogeneous k -algebra of codimension d , the uses in daily, multiplicity is bounded by. where $M_i$ is the maximal degree of an i th syzygy. Writing A Personal Residency! Using the minimal free resolutions as constructed by Peeva and Sturmfels, we show that this bound holds for codimension 2 lattice ideals. The topic of uses of maths in daily life essay, chapter two is ideals having three generators. It is known due to work by Burch and by Kohn that any projective dimension may be realized by a 3-generated ideal. Buchsbaum and Eisenbud conjectured that the tail of any resolution may be realized by a 3-generated ideal.

This result and a generalization was shown by Bruns. We introduce a family of ideals and prove that for each n the essay, resolution of the ideal in n variables from the family has the same tail as the Koszul resolution on uses of maths in daily those n variables. In chapter three we attempt to extend the result of chapter two to ideals generated by binomials. We display binomial examples in 4, 5 and 6 variables. A binomial example having the same tail as the abstract, Koszul complex for n = 7 is uses in daily, not found, but we do display 3-generated binomial examples having projective dimensions seven and eight. Shuffles and Shellings via Projection Maps. Abstract: Projection maps which appear in the theory of what be included personal essay for college, buildings and oriented matroids are closely related to the notion of uses of maths essay, shellability. This was first observed by Bjorner. In the first chapter, we give an axiomatic treatment of either concept and essay question show their equivalence. We also axiomatize duality in this setting. As applications of these ideas, we prove a duality theorem on buildings and give a geometric interpretation of the in daily life essay, flag h vector.

The former may be regarded as a q -analogue of the Dehn-Sommerville equations. We also briefly discuss the connection with the random walks introduced by Bidigare, Hanlon and Rockmore. The random-to-top and the riffle shuffle are two well-studied methods for shuffling a deck of cards. These correspond to the symmetric group S_n , i.e., the Coxeter group of type A_ . In the second chapter, we give analogous shuffles for the Coxeter groups of type B_n and D_n . These can be interpreted as shuffles on a signed'' deck of cards. With these examples as motivation, we abstract the notion of thesis abstract in physical education, a shuffle algebra which captures the connection between the algebraic structure of the shuffles and the geometry of the Coxeter groups. We also give new joker shuffles of type A_ and briefly discuss the generalization to buildings which leads to q -analogues. Subspace Subcodes and uses in daily life Generalized Coset Codes. Abstract: This dissertation considers codes that are formed using certain subsets of algebraic error-control codes and signal space codes. We first consider subspace subcodes of Reed-Solomon (SSRS) codes. We prove a conjecture of Hattori concerning how to identify subspaces that give an SSRS code whose dimension exceeds a certain lower bound.

We next consider generalized coset codes, which are built using partitions of signal space codes. We extend the concepts of question, generalized coset codes in Euclidean space by defining generalized coset codes in Lee space. We prove that all linear codes over Z _ m are realizable as these new Lee-generalized coset codes. This implies that linear codes over Z _ m have desirable symmetry properties. We also discuss some relationships among integer lattices, linear codes over Z _4, and generalized coset codes. Enumeration in Geometric Lattices and the.

Abstract: This work primarily deals with questions relating to the enumeration of chains in geometric lattices. The study of geometric lattices arose in the process of characterizing the lattices of subspaces formed by a finite set of points in projective or affine space, and ordered by inclusion. More generally geometric lattices encode the uses of maths in daily, structure of writing for surgery residency, matroids (or combinatorial geometries), which take an axiomatic approach to the concept of dependence. The flag Whitney numbers of a geometric lattice count the number of chains of the lattice with elements having specified ranks. We are interested in the linear inequalities satisfied by the flag Whitney numbers. We present a lower bond on the flag Whitney numbers of a lattice in terms of its rank and number of atoms. We also show that all flag Whitney numbers are simultaneously minimized by the lattice corresponding to the near pencil arrangement of points in R ^ n . In Daily Essay! Next we focus on rank 3 geometric lattices and give a collection of inequalities which imply all the for an order of importance essay, linear inequalities satisfied by of maths life, the flag Whitney numbers of essay, rank 3 geometric lattices. We further describe the smallest closed convex set containing the flag Whitney numbers of rank 3 lattices corresponding to oriented matroids. The ab -index is a polynomial associated to a lattice which contains all of the information regarding the flag Whitney numbers. Of Maths In Daily Life! We give a recurrence relation for the ab -index of families of lattices satisfying a particular set of conditions.

We also give a collection of inequalities for the ab -index of geometric lattices. Finally, we turn our attention to for surgery the group algebra of the symmetric group. The peak set of a permutation $sigma$ is the set $ $. We prove the existence of a subalgebra of Solomon's descent algebra in which elements are sums of permutations that share a common peak set. Linear Inequalities for Flag f-Vectors of Polytopes. Abstract: Here we study the life, combinatorics of polytopes. A polytope P is the convex hull of a finite set of of an appendix, points in R ^ d , and its boundary is a collection of lower-dimensional polytopes known as the faces of of maths essay, P . Essay Water! The flag f -vector of P counts the faces of of maths in daily life, each dimension and their incidences with one another. We would like to know what linear inequalities the entries of the in urdu, flag f -vector satisfy. First we present some of the history of of maths life essay, this problem, along with the necessary mathematical background. We discuss several special classes of polytopes, including simplicials, simples, cubicals and zonotopes, whose flag f -vectors satisfy inequalities not satisfied by all polytopes.

Then we define Stanley's toric g -vector, which can be used to generate many linear inequalities for flag f -vectors. We prove Meisinger's conjecture that some of these inequalities are implied by others. In addition, we consider the cd -index, another source of many inequalities. Writing For Surgery Residency! We show that not all of these are consequences of the uses in daily essay, non-negativity of the toric g -vector. We then use linear inequalities satisfied by lower-dimensional polytopes to question generate linear relations satisfied by simplicial, simple, k -simplicial and k -simple polytopes, and cubical zonotopes. We also examine a g -vector for in daily essay, cubical polytopes proposed by Adin and give evidence that supports the conjecture g _2 = 0. In particular, we show this to hold for the class of almost simple cubical polytopes, where one might expect it is most likely to fail.

Next we improve upon previously known linear inequalities satisfied by zonotopes. Finally, we construct examples of another special class of polytopes, the purpose of an, self-dual polytopes. Derived Categories of Twisted Sheaves on Calabi-Yau Manifolds. Abstract: This dissertation is primarily concerned with the study of derived categories of twisted sheaves on Calabi-Yau manifolds. Twisted sheaves occur naturally in a variety of problems, but the most important situation where they are relevant is in the study of moduli problems of semistable sheaves on varieties. Although universal sheaves may not exist as such, in many cases one can construct them as twisted universal sheaves. In fact, the twisting is an intrinsic property of the moduli problem under consideration. A fundamental construction due to Mukai associates to a universal sheaf is a transform between the derived category of the original space and the derived category of the moduli space, which often turns out to uses essay be an equivalence. In the present work we study what happens when the universal sheaf is thesis abstract education, replaced by a twisted one.

Under these circumstances we obtain a transform between the derived category of sheaves on the original space and the derived category of twisted sheaves on the moduli space. The dissertation is divided into two parts. The first part presents the main technical tools: the of maths life, Brauer group, twisted sheaves and their derived category, as well as a criterion for checking whether an what be included in a for college, integral transform is an equivalence (a so-called Fourier-Mukai transform). Uses Of Maths! When this is the case we also obtain results regarding the cohomological transforms associated to the ones on the level of derived categories. In the second part we apply the theoretical results of the first part to a large set of purpose appendix essay, relevant examples. We study smooth elliptic fibrations and the relationship between the theory of twisted sheaves and Ogg-Shafarevich theory, K _3 surfaces, and elliptic Calabi-Yau threefolds. In particular, the study of elliptic Calabi-Yau threefolds leads us to an example which is likely to uses in daily provide a counterexample to essay water the generalization of the Torelli theorem from K _3 surfaces to threefolds. A similarity between the examples we study and certain examples considered by Vafa-Witten and Aspinwall-Morrison shows up, although we can only guess the relationship between these two situations at the moment. Representations and Characters of an Extension of SL(3,R) by of maths, an Outer Automorphism.

Abstract: Not available. Centralizers of Finite Subgroups of Automorphisms and Outer Automorphisms of Free Groups. Abstract: In this work we consider centralizers of finite subgroups of automorphisms and outer automorphisms of a finitely generated free group. The work of S. Krstic reveals that the centralizer of a finite subgroup of are appropriate for an order essay, outer automorphisms (resp. automorphisms) of a free group is generated by life, isomorphisms and Nielsen transformations of reduced G -graphs (resp. pointed G -graphs). Here this characterization is exploited to find necessary and sufficient conditions for the centralizer of a finite subgroup of what should be included in a essay, outer automorphisms (resp. automorphisms) to be finite. Cohomology of Aut(F_n) Abstract: For odd primes p , we examine the Farrell cohomology H ^*(Aut( F _ p –1)); Z _ p )) of the uses in daily, group of automorphisms of a free group F _ p –1) on 2( p –1) generators, with coefficients in the integers localized at the prime ( p )subset Z . Purpose Of An In An! This extends results in [12] by Glover and uses of maths Mislin, whose calculations yield H ^*(Aut( F_n ); Z _ p )) for should in a essay for college, n in p –1, p and is concurrent with work by Chen in [9] where he calculates H ^*(Aut( F_n ); Z _ p )) for n in p +1, p +2. The main tools used are Ken Brown's Normalizer spectral sequence from [7], a modification of Krstic and Vogtmann's proof of the contractibility of fixed point sets for outer space in [19], and a modification of the Degree Theorem of Hatcher and Vogtmann in [15]. Other cohomological calculations in the paper yield that H ^5( Q_m ; Z ) never stabilizes as m toinfty, where Q_m is the quotient of the spine X_m of auter space introduced in [15] by Hatcher and Vogtmann. This contrasts with the theorems in [15] where various stability results are shown for H^n (Aut( F_m ); Z ), H^n (Aut( F_m ); Q ), and H^n ( Q_m ; Q ).

Actions of uses in daily, Artin Groups and Automorphism Groups on R -Trees. Abstract: This dissertation determines the ways in which two classes of transitions are appropriate for an order essay, groups act by isometries on R -trees. In Daily Life Essay! The first groups studied are the two-generator Artin groups A _ n +1, where 2 n +1 is half the length of the relator. In the case where 2 n +1 is prime, all abelian and non-abelian A _ n +1-actions are found, thus determining by Bass-Serre theory all of the graph of groups decompositions of A _ n +1. The same techniques are applied to purpose of an appendix in an a three-generator Artin group, the braid group on four strands, enabling a description of all of its actions on R -trees. The second groups studied are the pure symmetric automorphism groups P Sigma_ n of a free group on n generators; these groups consist of the automorphisms mapping every generator to a conjugate of itself.

All exceptional abelian P Sigma_ n -actions on R -trees are found in the sense that their length functions are given. This information determines the Bieri-Neumann-Strebel invariant of P Sigma_ n using Brown's characterization. The invariant tells which normal subgroups of P Sigma_ n with abelian quotient are finitely generated. Internal Categories and Quantum Groups. Abstract: Let be a monoidal category with equalizes that are preserved by the tensor product. Of Maths Life! The notion of essay giver question, categories internal to , and extending the usual notion of in daily, internal categories, which is obtained when is a category with products and equalizers. The basic theory of internal categories is developed and several applications to abstract education quantum groups are found. Of Maths In Daily Life Essay! Delta categories are defined; these are algebraic objects that generalize groups or bialgebras, in appendix in an essay the sense that attached to them there is a monoidal category of representations. Quantum groups are constructed from delta categories.

In particular a construction of quantum groups generalizing that of Drinfeld and Jimbo is presented. An invariant of finite dimensional quasitriangular Hopf algebras is constructed. Homological Methods in the Theory of Splines. Abstract: This thesis is devoted to the study of splines, which are piecewise polynomial functions of a prescribed order of smoothness on a triangulated (or otherwise polyhedrally subdivided) region Delta of R ^ d. The set of splines of degree at most k (i.e. each individual polynomial is of degree at most k ) forms a vector space C^r_k (Delta). It turns out that a good way to uses of maths essay study C^r_k (Delta) is to embed Delta in R ^ d +1, and water in urdu form the cone hatDelta of Delta with the origin. Then the set of uses in daily life essay, splines (of all degrees) on hatDelta is a graded module C^r (hatDelta) over the polynomial ring R in d +1 variables, and the dimension of C^r_k (Delta) is the dimension of C^r (hatDelta) in degree exactly k. The thesis follows the for an order essay, work of Billera and Rose, who defined a chain complex such that C^r_k (Delta) appears as the top homology module, and uses of maths in daily life essay approaches the problem from the viewpoint of homological algebra (but using a different chain complex (Cal R/Cal J)). First, we analyze the lower homology modules in the planar case, and prove that the module C^r (hatDelta) is free if and thesis abstract education only if the module H_ 1(Cal R/Cal J) vanishes. We prove that this latter module has finite length, and is nonzero whenever Delta has positive genus. For a fixed configuration Delta, we prove a criterion which gives sufficient conditions for C^r (hatDelta) to be nonfree, i.e. for of maths life essay, H_ 1(Cal R/Cal J) to what should in a personal for college be nonzero. Next, we relate the local geometry of of maths in daily life, Delta (the arrangement of lines at each vertex) to ideals generated by powers of homogeneous linear forms in R [ x , y ], and completely describe the resolutions possible for essay giver, such ideals.

This result, together with results on the homology modules, allows us to determine the Hilbert polynomial for C^r (hatDelta). In the final chapter, we consider the situation for an arbitrary d -dimensional simplicial complex Delta. Generalizing the planar results, we obtain bounds on the dimension of the uses, homology modules H_i (Cal R/Cal J) for all i d . Specializing to the case where Delta is a topological d -ball, we use a spectral sequence argument to relate the lower homology modules to C^r (hatDelta). For example, we prove that C^r (hatDelta) is on zamzam water, free iff H_i (Cal R/Cal J) is zero for all i d . As a corollary, we find if C^r (hatDelta) is free, then C^r (hatDelta) is determined entirely by local data. Solving Sparse Polynomial Systems. Abstract: The computation of of maths, all solutions of writing statement for surgery, a system of polynomial equations is a basic and in general hard problem.

The main techniques for uses, accomplishing this task in an algorithmic manner, Grobner bases, multivariate resultants and continuation methods have received a great deal of attention recently. This thesis describes continuation methods for numerically determining all complex solutions of a system of purpose appendix essay, polynomial equations. The emphasis is on of maths essay the set up of continuation problems which require as few paths as possible, rather than on the numerical process of path following. The key to efficient continuation methods is to realize the system to be solved as a generic element in what personal essay a one dimensional parameterized family. Polynomial systems which arise from practical problems usually have associated physical parameters, and are thus already presented as members of a parameterized family. Uses Of Maths! In the first chapter we discuss the total space of such a parameterized family and its implications for continuation methods.

The main body of the thesis deals with the application of toric deformations, and polyhedral subdivisions to produce continuation methods which are optimal for systems with a given collection of support sets = _1. In Urdu! _ n . We identify monomials x ^ q = x _1^ q _1. x_n ^ q_n with lattice points q =( q _1. q _ n )in Z ^ n and allow polynomials of the form. where i =1. n and the coefficients c _ i , q are complex. A famous result of uses of maths, Bernstein sates that, for generic choices of coefficients, the mixed volume of the Newton polytopes _ i = conv( _ i ) is equal to the number of isolated solutions in ( C *)^ n . In Chapter 2, the concepts of Minkowski addition, mixed volume, and fine mixed subdivisions are presented. The use of are appropriate for an essay, fine mixed subdivisions of the Minkowski sum _ i +. + _ n in computing mixed volumes generalizes the use of triangulations in volume computation. Computational techniques for uses of maths life, computing mixed subdivisions via deformation are also described. In Chapter 3, these techniques are adapted to provide a constructive proof of Bernstein's theorem, as well as a generalization of Bernstein's theorem to essay on zamzam in urdu counting roots in C ^ n . The algorithms described here have been implemented in a program called Pelican . Uses Life! Chapter 4 describes Pelican and provides a tutorial and reference manual. Algebraic K-Theory and Assembly for Complexes of Groups. Abstract: I define the what should be included in a personal essay, algebraic K -theory K_i(RG(X)) for a complex of essay, groups G(X) and a ring R , incorporating the combinatorial structure of X as well as group-theoretic data. If G is the what transitions essay, fundamental group of G(X) , I construct a comparison map K_i(RG(X)) to K_i(RG) and show that it is an isomorphism under certain geometric conditions on G(X) . In addition I define an assembly map H_i(G(X);K(R)) to K_i(RG(X)) relating the uses in daily life, homology of G(X) to its K -theory. There is a natural transformation from the assembly map for G(X) to the ordinary assembly map for the group G, which is an equivalence when the purpose in an, above geometric hypothesis holds.

Normsets and Rings of uses in daily life, Algebraic Integers. Abstract: Let F be a finite field extension of K which is, in a personal for surgery residency turn, a finite field extension of Q , the life essay, rational numbers with rings of integers R and T respectively. We will also make the what be included personal, assumption that T is a unique factorization domain. It is well-known that the norm function N_K^F from uses of maths life F to K maps R into are appropriate for an of importance, a multiplicative submonoid S of T which we will call the normset of R (with respect to T ). Intuitively, the richer and more intricate multiplicative structure of the uses life, ring R could be lost in are appropriate for an essay the translation to uses in daily the normset. Thesis Abstract Education! Much information, however, is retained in the structure of the multiplicative monoid S . It is the aim of this dissertation to investigate certain properties of the monoid S and uses of maths in daily deduce what those properties tell us about essay water, R . We will also ask what certain properties of R tell us about S . In the first chapter, we investigate unique factorization properties. There is uses life, a natural way to define the a personal statement residency, concept of of maths life, unique factorization in the normset S . The most important result of the first chapter is the fact that if K is Galois over F , then R has unique factorization if and only if S has unique factorization. We also define a more general class of fields where the unique factorization of S implies the unique factorization of R . In the second chapter, we look at the relationship between the class group of R and the structure of the normset will be investigated. It will be shown that a property of a normset called saturation will measure how the Galois group acts on the class group, and from this some consequences about the structure of the thesis abstract education, class group of R can be deduced. In the third chapter it is uses in daily, shown that in the Galois case, the normset determines the field extension. We also give an giver, example of two non-Galois extensions such that the prime decomposition laws are identical, but the in daily, normsets are not.

In the appendix essay, final chapter, we use the techniques of this thesis to prove some factorization results about orders in quadratic number fields. Geometry and Combinatorics of Chow Forms. Abstract: The Chow form of of maths in daily, a variety is similar to a resultant. Given d +1 linear forms on a d -dimensional projective variety, the Chow form is a polynomial in the coefficients of the a personal statement, linear forms (unique up to multiplication by a nonzero constant) which is zero if and only if the linear forms have a common zero on the variety. We can also express the Chow form in terms of the ( d +1) x ( d +1) minors of the matrix of coefficients. This doctoral dissertation describes some of the combinatorial and geometric properties of the Chow form of a variety. In chapter 1, we give an introduction to uses Chow forms and describe how to perform some basic geometric operations on varieties by manipulating their Chow forms. In chapter 2, we study the combinatorics of Chow forms of point sets in projective spaces and abstract in physical education compare and contrast this theory with the theory of binary forms (which are Chow forms of point sets in P ^1).

We also consider the inhomogeneous version of this theory, the theory of of maths in daily life, multisymmetric functions . We give proofs for many of the assertions made in this paper, and also a counterexample to one of them. On Zamzam Water! In chapter 3, we consider the uses, Chow polytope as a combinatorial invariant of the Chow form. We show that the Chow polytope of the ruled join of two varieties (a construction used in intersection theory) is the essay giver question, Cartesian product of the Chow polytopes after a change of scale. We also investigate the stratification of the Chow variety of plane conics (whose points are the coefficient vectors of their Chow forms) induced by the different Chow polytopes. In chapter 4, we present a geometric algorithm for of maths life essay, computing the Chow form of a ruled join in stages, and give examples of its use. Chapter 5 is somewhat disconnected from the remainder of the thesis; it proves that all connected complexes of coordinate lines in thesis abstract education P ^3 are initial complexes of space curves. This is a partial converse to the cited result of Kalkbrener and Sturmfels that all initial complexes of in daily essay, irreducible varieties are connected. Appendix A describes some MAPLE code written by the author to essay giver question implement the algorithms of Section 2.1.3 and to make it easier to life execute the algorithm of Section 4.2. Algebraic and Combinatorial Methods for Face Enumeration in Polytopes.

Abstract: Let P be a d -dimensional polytope and S a subset of essay giver question, d –1. We denote by f_S(P) the number of chains of faces whose dimensions make up S . The flag f -vector is the vector made up of of maths in daily life essay, all such flag numbers. This thesis studies linear and non-linear conditions on the flag f -vectors of several classes of should be included in a for college, polytopes. We define a noncommutative algebra whose elements can be viewed as linear forms of flag numbers of polytopes. By studying this algebra, we derive new proofs of the linear relations on flag f -vectors.

We also obtain results about the CD-index and of maths life essay symmetric linear forms having same value on any polytope and purpose of an in an essay its dual. Uses Of Maths In Daily Essay! We study linear equalities and inequalities on flag f -vectors of thesis abstract in physical, zonotopes. The method is to in daily essay construct a class of zonotopes to establish a lower bound for the span of a personal statement residency, flag f -vectors. Of Maths In Daily Life Essay! We also find a class of inequalities on flag numbers of zonotopes; some of the inequalities from this class do not hold for general polytopes. In the abstract in physical education, case of the of maths in daily essay, cube, we prove the g -conjecture in a stronger form, i.e., the generalized g -vector of cubes satisfy Kruskal-Katona inequality, which is stronger than the Macaulay inequality. On Semi-Linear Representations Over Local Fields.

Abstract: In the theory of Galois representations, as the name implies, Galois groups are studied via their matrix representations. In case the ground field is a p -adic field, the set of (continuous) representations of its absolute Galois group by integral p -adic matrices has the natural structure of a metric space. One of the main results of this thesis is that this metric space is bounded. Some related computations are given, describing the a personal statement for surgery, metric in detail for some special representations. Also discussed are some natural invariants of the in daily essay, representations, and the extent to which they determine the representations. The Semistability at Infinity for Multiple Extension Groups. Abstract: Semistability at infinity is a geometric invariant used to statement for surgery residency study the ends of a locally finite, connected CW complex. One can use this definition to define the notion of the of maths, semistability at essay, infinity for a finitely presented group. Much work has been done (especially by M. Mihalik) to show many classes of finitely presented groups are semistable. He has also given a definition of semistability for of maths in daily, finitely generated groups that generalizes the original definition. He has used it successfully to show semistability for certain classes of finitely presented groups that are built up from finitely generated semistable subgroups.

It is unknown at this time whether or not all finitely presented groups with a finite number of ends are semistable at infinity. A Personal! The purpose of of maths, this dissertation is to transitions are appropriate for an of importance essay use this alternative notion of semistability for finitely generated groups and prove the class of finitely generated groups containing an infinite, finitely generated subnormal subgroup of finite index are semistable at infinity. This would generalize two earlier results of Mihalik. As a consequence, I will show the finitely presented analog of the main result. A Combinatorial Geometry of the Whitehead Torsion of Finite Abelian Groups. Abstract: Given an odd prime p and uses in daily an arbitrary finite abelian p -group G , except for the exponent, not much is known about the invariants of the Whitehead torsion SK _1( Z [ G ]). Roger C. Alperin, R. Keith Dennis, Robert Oliver and on zamzam Michael R. Stein have succeeded in using class field theory to give a simplified combinatorial description using norm residue symbols and the integral logarithm of L. Taylor and R. Oliver. In this thesis, inspired by uses of maths in daily life, the delicate explicit calculations of specific groups by Oliver, we attempt to develop a combinatorial geometry that may facilitate a better understanding of the complications involved in these computations. Chapter 1 introduces cocyclic homogeneous functions, and explains how they relate to the existing theory. Chapter 2 builds the combinatorial machinery that is relevant to the calculations in this essay.

The resulting geometry seems to borrow the notion of a tree from graph theory, and amalgamate it with the idea of what transitions are appropriate for an, a characteristic function from of maths life analysis! Chapter 3 should convince the reader that this geometry is fruitful; for even with rather crude tools, one can exploit the transfer homomorphism to deduce useful conclusions for a large class of SK _1. In Chapter 4, we bring this geometry to focus on G simeq ( Z _ p^e )^2 and calculate explicitly the top rank in addition to other results. The main difference between the approach of Alperin-Dennis-Stein and ours is that instead of using the full flexibility in the choice of representatives of the orbits in the character group of G , we specialize to giver one particular choice. We close the essay by debunking a hitherto hope that monomorphisms of finite abelian p -groups should induce monomorphisms on the SK _1's. Explicit Weight Two Motivic Cohomology Complexes and Algebraic K-Theory. Abstract: Beilinson et al.'s Motivic Cohomology Complex is related to a motivic complex (considered earlier by Lichtenbaum) formed using groups related to the scissors congruence groups. This involves an algebraic study of configurations of lines in projective space.

One thereby obtains a more precise relationship between the cohomology of uses of maths life, Beilinson's complex and lower dimensional K -groups. Purpose In An! Most of the proofs omitted in Beilinson et al. are supplied here. There is also a list of certain torsional elements of the uses life, third K -group for fields between the rationales and the real cyclotomics. The relevant key words are: Aomoto, polylogarithm, torsion in K _3, scissors congruence group, configurations of lines in projective space, motivic cohomology. Combinatorial Structure on the Hilbert Scheme. Abstract: In this thesis, the component structure of the Hilbert scheme is purpose, investigated.

The techniques used to carry out this investigation include Grobner bases, state polytopes, Hartshorne's fans, normal bundles, Borel-fixed ideals, and uses of maths in daily life methods from deformation theory. Signed Sequences and Rolle's Restrictions: Why Not All Real Differentiable Functions and Polynomials Satisfying Rolle's Theorem Are Constructible. Abstract: We investigate which sign sequences can be generated by a single univariate polynomial, and show that there are restrictions other than Rolle's theorem on polynomials. Giver Question! We then prove a fifth order Rolle's theorem, showing that an arrangement of roots satisfying the classical Rolle's theorem is not constructable by in daily, a real differentiable function. Rewriting Systems for Coxeter Groups. Abstract: A finite complete rewriting system for a group is a finite presentation which gives a solution to the word problem and essay a regular language of normal forms for the group. In this thesis it is shown that the fundamental group of an in daily, orientable closed surface of genus g has a finite complete rewriting system, using the usual generators a _1. a_g , b _1. b_g along with generators representing their inverses. Constructions of finite complete rewriting systems are also given for any Coxeter group G satisfying one of the following hypotheses. 1) G has three or fewer generators. 2) G does not contain a special subgroup of the form s_i, s_j, s_k | s ^2_ i = s ^2_ j = s ^2_ k = ( s_i s_j )^2 = ( s_i s_k )^ m = ( s_j s_k )^ n =1 with m and n both finite and not both equal to two. Endomorphisms of Negatively Curved Polygonal Groups.

Abstract: The theory of automorphisms of free products with amalgamation is well-understood. We examine the dimension 2 analogue of a free product with amalgamation, a polygonal amalgam, and in urdu show that in general the automorphisms of polygonal amalgams are similarly well-behaved. Special Values of L-Functions of uses in daily, Curves Over Finite Fields. Abstract: The central theme is to establish an equality L = chi, relating the value of L -function to an appropriate Euler characteristic. The first chapter studies various cohomologies, giving the definitions of the Euler characteristics and essay proving necessary properties. The second chapter uses lambda-adic cohomology to compute values of of maths, L -functions and proves the main theorem. Groups of order of importance, Piecewise Linear Homeomorphisms. Abstract: Given a compact subinterval of the real line, the order preserving piecewise linear homeomorphisms of the interval form a group under composition. In Daily Life Essay! In this thesis we study subgroups of such groups obtained by restricting the slopes and singularities occurring in the homeomorphisms. We also consider analogous groups of homeomorphisms and bijections of the circle. This class of groups contains examples which have furnished the first examples of finitely presented infinite simple groups.

We extend this by exhibiting simple subgroups in all of are appropriate order essay, these groups, and showing them to life essay be finitely presented in some cases. We then consider subgroups obtained by restricting slopes to a finitely generated subgroup of the rationals generated by on zamzam in urdu, integers, say n _1, n _2. n_k , and insisting that the singularities lie in Z [1 / ( n _1 n _2. n_k )]. We construct contractible CW complexes on uses of maths life which these groups act with finite stabilizers, yielding classifying spaces as the quotients. Purpose Of An Appendix Essay! We obtain combinatorial information about the groups by studying these classifying spaces. We compute homology and obtain finite presentations.

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The Photo Essay: Give it Your Best Shot. Photo by essay Leslie Fisher. Monday we started talking about photo essays. We began by looking at SoundSlides, a great product to use to help you produce engaging photo stories. Essay In Urdu! In fact, Monday’s post marked the beginning of a giveaway that will last throughout this week and culminate on in daily, Friday with some lucky person getting a licensed copy of SoundSlides Plus. So, today I want to giver, talk more about the uses of maths life essay, actual essay itself. I think we all know by now that the word photography means “writing with light”. But just because someone has a tool to write with doesn’t mean they know how to thesis abstract in physical education, write. For that matter, just because someone gets published doesn’t mean they know how to in daily, write. We all know there’s plenty of pretty bad books out essay question, there. But I digress.

We were talking about the of maths in daily essay, photo essay. The photo essay is really not that much different than any other kind of written essay or story. A photo essay should really have a simple but clearly defined flow with a clearly defined beginning middle and essay water in urdu end. The object is to of maths in daily, take a limited number of what personal, photos, say 5 to 35 images, and to tell a story with them. Those images must take the uses in daily life essay, viewer and unfold something akin to a plot line before them, all in a period of 3 or 4 minutes. What I hope to do in this post is to give you a list of the important elements of of an appendix, a photo essay.

Sort of a shot list. Some people use different names than I give them, but the concept is the same. Not all Photo Stories Are Created Equal. There are different types of photo essays. Some deal with a linear event that unfolds over a given time frame. Uses Of Maths Life! This might be a race or trip that the photographer covers from start to the finish.

A great example of this is the essay Kingsley’s Crossing. Transitions Order Essay! There are also stories that deal with a focused topics, like a Blind Wine Taster , A Corner Druggist or my essay on the Last Hat Maker. Other essays might deal with event, like Thaipusam. Whatever the type of photo essays are doing, it will still need to be filled with photos that work together to tell the essay, story. One thing I tell class that I teach is that each photo must be good enough to stand by of an itself. You can’t have a photo essay with a few really great images and the balance be filled with mediocrity, it just doesn’t work that way. Each shot should be good enough to be viewed separately, so that the essay as a whole is excellent. But each image has it place in of maths in daily life essay the story.

Below we will talk about what that place is. Before going into the different types of essay giver question, shots needed in an essay, I want to talk about the essay itself and how to prep for it. One of the things I see frequently among students who are trying their hand at uses essay, creating a photo story, is they create it as they go. They go out shooting throughout the day and then as they’re out they try to think of a topic. That’s going about abstract education it backwards. The best thing you could do would be to in daily life, walk around the city or subject you’re interested in a personal statement photographing, all the while keeping the camera in the camera bag and just observe. “Keep your eyeballs peeled”, as my dear ole’ daddy used to say. See if you can see a theme or story emerge. Spend time with people talk to him here what’s important to them and a story might just bubbled to the surface. This is not to say a story can’t be an assignment. In Daily Essay! In fact, that’s the way most photojournalist work.

They’re given an assignment and giver question told to cover it photographically. Uses Of Maths In Daily! Either way, you have to understand what it is you’re shooting before you put the camera to essay giver, your face and uses life that take time and a personal observation. Another helpful way to approach an essay is to create a shot list. Uses! Using the type of purpose of an essay, shots listed below, think through ideas and concepts that you want to grab photographically. After spending time with the Cheese Man of Kashmir, I knew there were several shots I had to uses life, get. One was a Detail shot of milking poured, another was of what order, Medium shot of in daily essay, Chris working with his Gujjar associates.

If you can, create a shot list before you go out it can be a huge help. But don’t limit yourself to the list. Better to have too many shots than not enough. (As a bonus for you, I have link every photographic example below to the original New York Times essay. What Transitions Order Essay! Enjoy!) This shot is sometimes called a lead shot. It’s the uses essay, shot grabs you or hook you and draws you into the essay. Sometimes it’s the first shot of the essay. On Zamzam! Other times it appears somewhere inside the photo essay, but is used as the essay’s cover or thumbnail image.

It is and in daily image that is often very creative and leaves the viewer wanting information about the topic. The literary equivalent to question, a Hook shot is the first few words that grab you in a novel. Remember this sentence? “The great fish moved silently through the night water, propelled by short sweeps of in daily, its crescent tail.” – Peter Benchly, Jaws. Those first few words grabbed readers and in physical education sucked them in and they where hooked. The Hook shot should do the uses of maths life, same. “A Withering Harvest in Florida” Photo: Chip Litherland for The New York Times. The establishing shot does pretty much what it sounds like it does.

It lays the visual context for the story. It is often a wide shot that shows the setting or the environment where the what should personal essay for college, story takes place or the character lives or works. The shot often is the very first shot of the essay. If it’s not the first it will be included in one of the first few shots. The literary equivalent of this is of maths in daily usually found on the first page of the novel. On Zamzam In Urdu! It is of maths life essay when the author paints a written description of where things are taking place. ” It was a dark and stormy night…” “Cairo Aglow at writing a personal for surgery residency, Ramadan” Photo: Shawn Baldwin for The New York Times. At this point in the story there’s momentum building up. The medium shot serves to inform the viewer who are the characters and what they are doing. The shot should include both the subject and it’s surrounding. Uses In Daily Life Essay! If your story has people in it, and often the a personal statement for surgery, shot will have two or three people and all interacting in some way.

You might have an individual working with some equipment or doing some job. But the image should be wide enough to see the environment. Uses Of Maths In Daily! It’s not a detail shot. “The Resurgence of the in a personal for college, Hazaras” Photo: Adam Ferguson for The New York Times. As the name implies the uses essay, shot has to do with the details. These shots add flavor to in an essay, the story, almost as the spices does to soup. It is the detail shot that that creates intimacy with the viewer. Can you imagine a story where characters walk through nondescript hallways and streets? It would leave readers without any sense of uses essay, time or place. And so it is with a detail shot in a photo essay, it gives our viewers a sense of place. A detail shot anchors the story.

“High-Speed Connections” Photo: Laura Pedrick for The New York Tim. Often a tight portrait or head shot, but can also be tight environmental portrait. This shot gives a face to your characters. It make the story personal to someone. Purpose Appendix In An! Even if your character is not a human, a portrait can be important. Uses Of Maths! Let’s say you’re doing a story on a racehorse. Water! He would still want a portrait of the horse.

“In South Africa, a Resurfacing of Violence” Photo: Robin Hammond for The New York Times. Others have called this the of maths life, Exchange Shot. I like that title as well. But I use the word gesture because I feel like it’s more than just an exchange. It can be someone shooting basketballs or running. But, as the term exchange shot implies, often times it is interaction between two subjects in the story.

There’s usually movement involved in some sort of interchange between the subjects. By having this shot in the essay we keep the essay water in urdu, essay from becoming a series of of maths in daily life, portraits. The gesture shot allows us to experience life within the essay. “A ‘Yooper’ in the Abortion Fight” Photo: Sally Ryan for The New York Times. Except for the establishing shot which should always come at the first of the photo essay, the only other shot that has a definite place within the essay is what are appropriate essay this one. The closure, as the name implies, it is the parting shot. Uses Of Maths Life! It draws things to purpose essay, an end. Of Maths In Daily Life Essay! It’s the “ride off into the sunset” photo. On Zamzam Water In Urdu! This shot provides resolution for in daily, the story and giver question puts it to bed. “Remembering Hardware” Photo: Ruth Fremson/The New York Times.

Contrary to what some people teach, a photo essay does not have to have every one of these shots. It should have most but there are no rules . Uses Of Maths Life Essay! You can have an question effective photo essay without a detail shot or a gesture shot. I personally think the more of these you have, the chances you have at better telling the story in a compelling manner. But the goal is the of maths in daily essay, story not the process. Purpose Of An! So feel free to go on break the rules.

Think through a storyline, take this list with you and go out and shoot. Trust me, you get better every time you do it. Matt is a Malaysia based humanitarian and travel photographer. Well known as a photographer and international workshop instructor, Matt’s images have been used by business and uses of maths life organizations around the globe. Essay Giver! Matt also on the design board for Think Tank Photo, a camera bag manufacturer. In 2013 Matt founded the On Field Media Project to train the staff of non-profits to of maths, use appropriate technology to writing a personal statement for surgery, produce timely as well as quality images. November 12, 2012. Lightroom 4 Brings New Life to Old Images. Thanks for this post, Matt.

There is so much useful information here and I was especially encouraged to uses essay, see you to speak to things that I've been learning lately. As Ray K. mentioned in his tweet, this is essay on zamzam in urdu a very timely post. Thank you Sabrina. I am glad you found it helpful. Uses Of Maths In Daily! It's basic, but stuff we can over look at what are appropriate order of importance essay, times. Great article. I never realize some of the the “segments” of an essay exist. Thanks Matt It makes sense – and is useful.

nice article, thanks for sharing your ideas! looking forward to see more useful stuff… Matt, thanks for uses, such a great post. I am having to re-learn the basic tenets of story-telling as I start to form ideas for photographic projects. Yours was such a timely post as I have a road trip coming up starting on should in a essay, Memorial Day weekend that will have plenty of of maths in daily life essay, opportunities for stories. I just wanted to mention also that at its most basic any story, visual or written, should have a defined begging, middle and end – an should be included for college arc. How about a follow up post with example? Great article, it nicely summarizes and defines all the elements of photo essay.

Matt, this is a fantastic post. Really useful advice! this is really a very interesting post! Thank you! Not sure I know what you would like. I thought I gave you examples though out the post. Uses! You can find most of abstract, my essays and some from uses in daily people I have coached HERE. I am glad this post scratched an itch.

Yes, this is what I meant- I wanted to look through some examples of photo essays. Abstract! The examples you give are great, but they don't form a single project (at least I don't see connection between them). I wanted to see how the pieces form the finished essay. Thanks. This is a very good website ! Well done (: I hope to see more websites like this in the future – THANK YOU SO MUCH. Come on! this is useless! What the hell, i think i have actually lost intelligence reading this thing. I could probably have a more imformative conversation with my three year old cousin. At least he could make something more interesting.

This is absolute rubbish. Hmm, Jack and Joel your comments sounds a little like Spam. So what was the issue you had with this post? Excellent presentation. Concise and informative and providing much food for thought. i like this post.. i often read your post but not leaving any comment, may start from today i will leave a comment on every blog i read.

thats way I will leave a comment here, thank you for uses, this article once more. I agree with all of the points keep up the what should be included personal, good work. Great article, and uses of maths life I totally agree with all . G8 article i really like it keep up the good work im waiting for you next article. Thank you Matt, I really enjoyed this article, as well as your site in general! Keep up the good work helping us young photographers. For An Essay! #128578; Excellent and to the point article. Precisely what I was looking for…Thank you very much Matt for in daily life essay, helping us, young Padawans… Great information thanks for sharing this with us.In fact in all posts of this blog their is something to learn. Preliminary Research Writing | Analyzing Collected Material your work is very good and i appreciate your work and hopping for some more informative posts.

Again thanks. very helpful site. i like this very much! will visit this again, soon. thank you! This article was very helpful and informational for my research.Thank you!….. I have read several just right stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to essay question, make this sort of wonderful informative site.

May I just say what a relief to find an individual who genuinely. understands what they’re talking about on the web. You actually know how to of maths in daily life, bring an issue to education, light and make it important. A lot more people have to read this and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you are not more popular because. you certainly have the gift. 16 Unmissable Travel Photography Resources for Photographers - [. Of Maths Life Essay! ] Allen’s article is one of the best I have come across about should for college improving your travel photos. Uses Of Maths In Daily Life! The Photo Essay Modesta aproximacion al storytelling | Deepwildphoto - [. ] EOS 5D MkII y con un objetivo Canon 24-70 f/2,8 L. Os dejo algunos enlaces relacionados como este post de 13 recursos online para fotografia de viajes - [. ] Brandon: “The Photo Essay”: los ensayos fotograficos son una forma ideal para pensar nuestra fotografia de viajes, cada vez [. ] Blog Prompt #5: Image analysis | Composing Digital Media: DIY Archives - […] Drawing upon the readings for this week (“Top 10 Photography Composition Rules” and “The Photo Essay: Give It Your Best Shot”), Blog Prompt #4: Image Analysis | ComposeDigital: The Citizen Archive - […] analysis. Drawing upon the readings for for an order essay, this week (“Top 10 Photography Composition Rules” and essay “The Photo Essay: Give It Your Best Assignment 5: shooting plan | Rob Townsend - […] – accessed 28th February 2014 2. – accessed 28th February 2014 3. – […] Research – constructing a successful narrative picture essay | My OCA Learning Log - […] [accessed 01 April 2014] […] Resources – Narrative and Illustration | The Art of Photography - […] Thedigitaltrekker […] Review: Mindshift Gear PhotoCross 13.

Tips, Tricks Gear Suggestions for the Traveling Photographer. Download Your Free eBook Now. Join our mailing list to receive this ebook and of an appendix essay the latest news and updates from me.

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Importance of Math in Our Everyday Life Essay - 377 Words - StudyMode

SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. You've gotten back your SAT scores. On your score report, there's information about how you did on of maths life Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and purpose of an appendix in an essay, Math, compared to uses in daily life essay students in the previous year's graduating class who took the SAT. But what about your essay? How does your essay score compare to writing a personal statement residency everyone else? There's no percentile information for uses of maths in daily that in the score report. Find out what an writing a personal statement for surgery average SAT essay score looks like (and how you stack up) in this article! First, a quick reminder about how SAT essays are scored: two graders score each SAT essay on a scale of 1-4 across three different dimensions: Summed together, this means your score can range between 2 and 8 for each area. There is in daily life, no longer one single total SAT essay score, just Reading, Analysis, and water, Writing essay scores. Logically, it would seem that the average SAT essay score in each domain should be a 5 (since that's halfway between 2 and life, 8).

The most recent SAT essay score data bears this out except when it comes to the Analysis dimension. The average SAT essay score for students graduating high school in 2017 was 5 out of 8 for Reading, 4 out of 8 for Analysis, and 5 out of 8 for Writing (source: CollegeBoard 2017 Total Group Report) . To get a better idea of how frequently different essay scores were assigned, I created several different SAT essay score distribution charts that show how many students got each essay score for Reading, Analysis, and are appropriate for an order of importance, Writing . The data in this first chart shows the distribution of of maths in daily essay, scores across all three dimensions for students who graduated high school in 2017. Distribution of SAT Essay scores for the 2017 Graduating Class. (data source for all graphs: CollegeBoard) From this chart, we can see that there's the same general trend for the numbers of students who got various Reading and on zamzam, Writing scores, while there's something quite different going on with Analysis scores. Let's separate these scores out into separate graphs, starting with Reading and Writing essay scores. Distribution of SAT Essay Reading Scores for the 2017 Graduating Class. Distribution of SAT Essay Writing Scores for the 2017 Graduating Class. If you compare the graphs for of maths life the distribution of Reading and Writing scores, you'll see a striking similarity between them when it comes to how many students got each score on Reading and Writing. There's a huge drop-off from the middle range of scores (4-6) to question the upper and uses in daily essay, lower ends of the scale. Because so many people score towards the middle on thesis in physical education SAT Essay Reading and Writing scores, it's safe to say that if you score a 3 or below, your essay score is definitely lower than average; if you score a 5-6, your score is pretty average; and if you score a 7 or above, your score is significantly higher than average. Things are a little murkier when it comes to the Analysis essay scores. Uses Of Maths In Daily Life. Let's take a look.

Distribution of SAT Essay Analysis scores for the 2017 Graduating Class. In contrast to the trend for Reading and Writing scores, Analysis scores are heavily skewed toward the bottom of the scale. Even though the average Analysis score for 2017 was a 4 out of 8 (which is towards the on zamzam, middle), the life, Analysis score the most students received was 2 out of 8. Why did so many students score lower on Analysis, while still managing to do okay on Reading and what personal essay, Writing? The most likely answer is that the Analysis dimension is the part of the SAT essay task that is most different from what students have had to do on uses of maths in daily life essay other standardized test essays. Should Personal For College. Instead of giving their opinion on the passage in the SAT essay prompt, students are asked to analyze the author's opinion. While this analysis is pretty straightforward once you manage to wrap your mind around it, it is uses of maths in daily life, very different from thesis abstract education, what students had to do on the old SAT essay (and what students are still asked to do on the ACT essay) and other standardized essays like DBQs. Because of the different trends for Analysis scores on the SAT essay, an Analysis score of a 6 or above puts you well above average; a score of 3-5 is solidly middle of the pack; and a score of 2 is low. If you did get a 2/8 Analysis score, the good news is that you can most likely boost it to at least a 4 (if not a 6 or higher) by reviewing these 15 SAT essay tips. When colleges look at your SAT scores, however, they usually won't look at your essay scores all by of maths life essay, themselves. Most schools look at a personal statement residency, your overall SAT score first, your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math scores next, and in daily, your essay scores last (if they care about your SAT essay scores at all). This leads into my next point.

How Much Does My Essay Score Matter? Because your essay score no longer affects your Writing section score on the SAT, the importance of the SAT Essay has decreased significantly. What Transitions Are Appropriate For An Order Of Importance. More and more schools are dropping the uses of maths in daily essay, requirement for students to submit SAT with Essay scores entirely, and schools that do require the water, SAT Essay often place much less importance on your essay score than on your other SAT scores. Still, there are highly competitive programs and schools that use SAT scores to place students in the appropriate level classes that require students to submit SAT Essay scores. For these kinds of schools, while your SAT essay score still won't matter as much as almost any other part of your application, you'll still want to aim for uses of maths essay a high enough score that you're not immediately disqualified (or so that you don't get bumped down into remedial writing). So what's the be included, average SAT essay score you should target for more competitive schools? Our advice is to aim for at least a 6 out of 8 on Reading, Analysis, and Writing. Higher essay scores (particularly on the Analysis dimension) are even better, but a 6 out of 8 shows that you have above-average writing skills on of maths in daily essay a standardized essay written at the end of what be included personal for college, a multihour-long test. In cases where admissions offices might wonder if your application's personal statement was a fluke, your SAT essay scores can confirm that you do have a certain level of uses, writing ability.

And the SAT essay rubric requirements to for an order of importance essay get a 6 out of 8 on each section are a pretty reasonable minimum standard for colleges to expect students to meet. What If My SAT Essay Scores Are Below Average? If you're struggling to get a 4 or above on uses of maths each SAT essay section, don't despair—you're not alone, and thesis in physical education, there is hope. Start by reading our collection of SAT essay blog articles. I recommend starting with our introduction to the new SAT essay prompts, our SAT essay tips article, and our explanation of the SAT essay rubric.

Next, follow along as I write an SAT essay, step-by-step. With these four articles, you'll learn just what is in daily life essay, required to excel in each dimension of the SAT essay and how to approach reading the prompt, analyzing the passage, and purpose of an appendix, writing the essay. For further help, you can take a look at in daily life essay, how to for an of importance create your own SAT essay templates and how to get a perfect 8/8/8 score on the SAT essay. If you're struggling with identifying how the authors of SAT essay prompts build their argument, we also go into uses of maths in daily, the six most common argumentative essay devices. Finally, if you think you'd benefit from essay, more personalized feedback on your essay writing, you might want to try out PrepScholar SAT.

You'll get to write essays on official SAT essay prompts and receive feedback from graders on what you're doing well and life, how you can improve and boost your score to in physical education the next level. Now that you know what an average SAT essay score is, what should be your target? Learn more with our article on what a good SAT essay score is for you. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out uses of maths life essay, our best-in-class online SAT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Thesis Abstract Education. Our program is entirely online, and of maths life, it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this SAT Essay lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your SAT essays hand-graded by a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on writing for surgery how you can improve. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about of maths in daily life, what to thesis in physical education study next.

Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in uses of maths essay, Composition from the Longy School of writing residency, Music of Bard College. Uses Of Maths Life. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and essay, GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in uses of maths in daily life essay, high school. You should definitely follow us on purpose appendix social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about uses of maths in daily life, this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to purpose Get to of maths 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in transitions for an of importance, a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

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Cosi by Louis Nowra (Notes by English Works) Cosi ‘s depiction of the “funny farm”: what is essay, normal? by transitions are appropriate order essay Dr Jennifer Minter, English Works. Set in the remnants of a burnt-out theatre, and drawing upon the political and social context of the Vietnam War, Louis Nowra’s play Cosi challenges our perceptions about uses in daily essay, love, madness and politics. Whilst the inmates in the asylum suffer from various degrees of giver insanity and drug addictions, they often appear at in daily essay times more “sane” than their visitors. The more the audience personalises the characters and the more we become aware of similarities between the inmates and the “normal” people, then the more we are encouraged to challenge the stereotypical perception of a “mad” person. Thesis Abstract In Physical! As the borders become hazy, we start to think about the subtle signs of in daily life essay madness and education, darkness in our own lives. Nowra uses humour, irony and cynicism to blur the boundaries and subvert the distinctions between madness and sanity: The differences among the inmates shows that it is difficult to stereotype the patients. Of Maths Essay! Justin tells Lewis, “You’ll discover this, is that they are just normal people, well, not quite normal… (5).

He also tells Lewis, “A madman is someone who arrives at a fancy dress party dressed in the Emperor’s new clothes.” (7) which alludes to the fact that the sane person is “clothed”; the essay, “madman” nakedly exposes his madness. Lewis becomes a bridge between the two worlds and his commitment and in daily, attachment to the insane reveal his growing awareness of what transitions are appropriate for an their problems and often their similarities The role reversal between Roy and Lewis and similarities between Roy and Nick shed light on the superficial distinctions. The fact that there is not a clear distinction between the characters who are obviously mad, and those who are suffering from an addiction, already makes the audience question the in daily, stereotypes of “madness”. Whilst some of the characters are obviously mad such as Doug and what transitions are appropriate for an of importance, Ruth, characters like Zac and Cherry rarely exhibit obvious signs of madness. Likewise, Julie is suffering from of maths a drug addiction and is much more capable, more aware and more realistic than the other inmates, but just as sad, nonetheless. Nowra constructs Lewis as a bridge between the two worlds, which enables him to show how these two worlds clash and collide. A Personal For Surgery! This function as a “bridge” also helps the playwright concentrate on similarities between the inside and the outside world so that the audience once again does not have a clear sense of distinction.

At the outset of the play, Justin asks Lewis, “what ward are you from”, suggesting that he could easily be mistaken for uses essay an inmate. As the audience becomes increasingly aware of the inmates’ personal problems, we recognise important similarities. In Urdu! As Justin reaffirms to Lewis, “You’ll discover this, is that they are just normal people, well, not quite normal… But you get my drift? (5).” The fact that Lewis’ grandmother was certified insane also links him to the two separate worlds. As such, members of the audience are challenged to reflect upon their own backgrounds and of maths in daily essay, problems and what order of importance essay, many would be able to identify with some aspects of the characters, especially where love is concerned. One of the reasons that Roy chooses the play is because of his disturbed childhood and the fact that he is seeking to of maths life, recapture an idyllic world of love. He, too, has a story of madness hidden in the closet. He chooses Mozart’s opera Cosi in an attempt to essay, recapture or rekindle his idealistic dream of childhood – a romantic idyll that he never experienced. He hopes that it will help him escape the depressing life at the asylum, and recapture his ideal. He wants the play to in daily life, recapture “lullabies sung to me by a personal my beautiful mother”. This is particularly sad given Roy’s life as an orphan. (64)

Another way that Nowra challenges the stereotypes of madness is evident in the relationship between Roy and Lewis whereby their role reversal seems to imply that Roy is more rational than Lewis. Initially Roy appears more capable and of maths essay, confident than Lewis and purpose, Lewis is hesitant, naive and inexperienced. As Roy constantly humorously reminds the audience, he “could direct a poofter to uses, a man’s dunny”. Roy chooses the play, which becomes an important theme in what are appropriate for an of importance essay, Cosi. Also the way Nowra sets Lewis up for ridicule makes the audience think that perhaps Lewis is, at times, more insane or peculiar than Roy. Nowra vindicates Roy’s choice of play, which again shows that he is in touch with the needs of the inmates. At times, Roy appears decisive and authoritative and has worthy dreams of introducing culture to uses of maths in daily essay, the asylum. Thesis Abstract In Physical Education! In this instance, he not only sets himself apart from those in the asylum but also from Australians. Nowra caustically states that Australians are only familiar with the “culture” on cheddar cheese.

Not only of maths in daily life is the purpose of an in an essay, role reversal between these two main characters an indicator of the inability to typecast people, but there are similarities between Nick and of maths in daily life, Roy. Both have visions of grandeur; both simplistically want to change their environment etc. Is this another form of madness? As Nowra would also suggest, just because Roy is an orphan, or has visions of grandeur, or as it turns out has stage fright does not make him automatically insane. However, as their relationship develops, ironically Lewis grows in stature and confidence and Roy becomes diminished especially through stage fright, which perhaps gives the audience a glimpse into his insanity. He appears to be incorrigible – he irritates people to such an extent that he is constantly moved from “ward to ward” Nick seems to share some of the on zamzam, “stereotypically” mad syndromes exhibited by Roy such as a delusional tendency towards self- grandeur, which once again encourages the audience to question who is “mad”. Again, Justin’s reference to the Emperor’s nakedness also sheds some light on the way Nowra makes us question the differences between sanity and insanity. When Justin tells Lewis, “A madman is someone who arrives at a fancy dress party dressed in the Emperor’s new clothes.” (7) this alludes to the fact that the uses of maths life essay, “madman” shows his madness. His madness is clearly evident from abstract education his nakedness. As such Justin also alludes to of maths in daily, the fact that the difference is that sane people conceal their madness in many subtle and not so subtle ways.

Perhaps we can see that Roy’s delusions of essay grandeur are obviously misplaced in uses life essay, the asylum and that this could be a sign of his madness. However, Nick also shows similar delusions, but they are perhaps more subtle. Roy shares similarities with Nick, which makes us question whether Nick is insane or Roy is just as sane. Should Personal For College! As a visionary, Roy is just as naive and simplistic in his own way. He instigates the play and has a grand idea of bringing “culture” to the institution. He wants to implement his ideals for a better life, just like Nick. “I aim for the stars.” Similarly Nick believes that the moratorium ends up changing Australia “forever”. Uses Of Maths! He is just as arrogant and writing a personal residency, supercilious in his belief that politics is the only worthy ideal and can be stripped of empathy and sentiment.

Nick is set up for ridicule by hypocritically sympathising with the uses in daily life essay, Vietnamese victims but scorning and should be included personal for college, humiliating the “right wing nuts” and the ‘funny farm”. Also Nowra constructs characters such as Nick and Lucy to show that often there are also similarities between their outlook and behaviour and uses of maths life essay, the inmates. In fact, there are many similarities between the patients and the citizens in the world. For example, Roy and Nick both share a vision and both world views are legitimized throughout the play. Nick is rather simplistic in his world view, believing that the march and moratorium can change the world. He is happy that Australia was “forever changed”. He belittles the play and purpose, believes that those who are focusing on love are being trivial. (Such people are “definitely mad”.) However, Nowra shows that Roy is just as idealistic, but perhaps he holds a more realistic vision about love and hatred. Neither visions are more important than each other.

As a visionary, Roy is a perfect contrast to Nick and is just as naive and uses of maths essay, simplistic in his own way. However, the water, similarities between characters enables Nowra to subvert the clear distinctions between “mad” and “sane”. Roy instigates the play and uses of maths in daily life, has a grand idea of bringing “culture” the institution. he wants to implement his ideals for a better life, just like Nick. “I am for the stars.” Throughout the course of the play, Nowra suggests that typically “mad” people do have more difficulty with the purpose of an essay, concept of “illusion” than sane people do. Ruth struggles with the concept of the play and focuses on how many steps she must “literally” take. She states, “I can handle something being an illusion and real but not at of maths in daily life essay the same time”. Roy wants to use toy soldiers as a backdrop and he wonders whether the typically “mad” audience will recognize these as symbols. Essay Giver Question! Henry also takes a literal view of the soldiers’ uniform and the Albanian communists, which he believes denigrates his father’s involvement in war. Conversely, there are signs of uses of maths essay fantasy in Nick’s and Lucy’s world as they show aspects of Cosi in their own love relationships. Nowra constructs the characters of the ‘real world” as supercilious, arrogant and politically naive. What Should Be Included Personal Essay! However, in their own simplistic way perhaps there is also a hint of madness and fantasy.

They believe it is so easy to “save the world” and make a difference. Of Maths Life Essay! Their self-righteous attitudes and the belief in their own importance makes them a target of ridicule. Their attitude to the asylum patients is condescending, and yet they do not achieve perhaps any more or less than the “mad” patients. Personally, and professionally, Lewis changes and matures as he gains real-life experience. Lewis’s skills as a director are challenged as he directs the play, Cosi Fan Tutte, and gains in stature as he becomes personally committed to the inmates. His goal is to try to ‘bring them out of for an of importance essay themselves”, but in uses of maths life, such a gloomy and thesis abstract in physical, dark setting and the constant threat of Doug’s pyromaniac tendencies suggest that the play is doomed from the start.

Initially Lewis is inexperienced and uses in daily essay, naive and has had very little experience either directing a play or working with certified patients, which makes the goal somewhat farcical. As a result, Lewis has a lot to learn, and ironically Roy, an inmate, helps him to become more assertive and sympathetic towards the actors. Roy constantly reminds him that the actors are “crying out for direction” – not only because they have irrational tendencies, but they also have difficulty differentiating between fantasy and reality. Because such characters already inhabit the for an order of importance essay, boundary areas, they have difficulty thinking symbolically – that is they may struggle to of maths essay, differentiate “real” from “toy” soldiers. Thesis Abstract In Physical! Roy also reminds Lewis that he is dealing with a “mad audience”. Uses Of Maths! Not only does he specifically need to tell Ruth just how many steps she must take, but he also needs to protect Henry’s vulnerabilities and the sense of betrayal he feels on account of his father when Lewis wants to abstract in physical education, dress up the two protagonists as Albanians. Uses Of Maths Life! Likewise, Ruth fears being set up for ridicule should she forget the words of appendix in an a song.

However, despite these difficulties Lewis does rise to the occasion and his choice to work on the play instead of joining the moratorium testifies to uses, his growing confidence and desire to stage a successful play – which he does. Even Roy, subtly admires Lewis’s ability when he gives him a list of instructions. Nowra positions Lewis’s involvement at the mental asylum as a journey of self-discovery. Not only does he have a personal link with madness, as his grandmother was certified insane, but Lewis must challenge his stereotypical attitudes towards madness. Lewis comes to appreciate that there are no clear-cut boundaries. He realises as Justin says that they are “normal … well not quite”. The fact that towards the statement, end of the play Lewis drops his guard and becomes comfortable and intimate with the uses of maths life, patients shows that he no longer fears them, because he sees them as people with foibles and shortcomings rather than as “madmen”. Personally, he also matures and develops as a person. He shows greater sensitivity and compassion. As Lewis becomes more deeply involved in the play, he has to challenge his personal priorities and think about his commitment to people. Lewis must temper his arrogance and thesis in physical, gains sensitivity and compassion towards the inmates.

At first he was dismissive of their ability to act, but he cajoles them and learns that he must be careful of setting them up for uses life essay ridicule. He realises that they fear exposure and humiliation; he must provide a comfortable and should in a, reassuring context for them to explore their creative side. In Daily Essay! When he is forced to choose between attending the moratorium or practicing the play, he opts for the play which shows a fundamental shift in his views, values and priorities. Lewis also becomes more assertive when he categorically states to Lucy that he will not let the patients down. He knows that if the play fails this could be embarrassing; they could look ridiculous which will severely harm their self-esteem. The sub-text of the play within a play, makes Lewis realise the significance of love as opposed to war. Initially he is flippant and essay on zamzam water, cavalier, but when it affects him personally he is insulted. He realises that war is not necessarily the “real theatre” and that love plays an enormous role in life, people’s lives . In fact, although Nowra does not suggest that their lack of love causes madness, it is a contributing factor in many of a personal statement residency their conditions whether it be madness or addiction.

His views on love evolve. If he previously echoed Lucy’s views that love is a “bourgeois indulgence of the privileged few”, he is forced to confront its significance when Lucy flippantly reveals her affair. Nowra states that Lewis is in daily, “stunned” thus showing the degree of his personal offence. Lewis spontaneously quotes Cosi , “Women’s constancy is writing a personal residency, like the uses of maths essay, Arabian phoenix..” which underscores his chauvinistic attitude which will be exposed as hypocritical. Essay Question! Finally, Lewis’ choice also shows his shift from life essay believing that the arena of war is the most important issue, thus challenging the priority of Nick’s views. Lewis’s views about love and politics are tested and eventually he shows a change in priorities. Lewis’s flippant and cavalier view of are appropriate order essay love is tested. Previously he, like Lucy and Nick, prioritised to war as the “real theatre”. This is the time of the Vietnam War and many students are involved in anti-war marches. Lewis echoes Lucy’s and Nick’s beliefs that love is a “bourgeoise” indulgence. Uses Of Maths Life Essay! Lewis also reflects the view exposed in the opera that women could not be trusted.

He also realises that many inmates lack love and that this may be a contributing factor to their sadness, loneliness and desperation. Roy’s admission. He is forced to what transitions are appropriate for an of importance essay, realise that he is not that “constant” either and enjoys the of maths life essay, attention from Julie and Cherry. Lewis’s chauvinistic views are challenged. Women’s fidelity and constancy are a subtext and statement for surgery, he is found wanting; also social context of “free love” and independence.

One of the uses, defining aspects within “Cosi” occurs with the irony of “a play within a play”, namely the production of what transitions are appropriate essay Mozart’s “Cosi Fan Tutte” which works to promote the importance of love within the wider spectrum of “Cosi”. Of Maths In Daily Essay! It is no accident that Roy chooses a play so focused on love, and it this which serves as the basis for underlying ideas of Lewis and the inmates about love and fidelity, regardless of whether or not they are agreement with the play. On numerous occasions ideas are extracted from of an appendix Mozart’s opera supporting the importance of love and fidelity, such as the idea that a “Women’s constancy is of maths in daily life, like that of the Arabian Phoenix, everyone swears by it by no-one has seen it.”. Writing For Surgery Residency! Other characters draw upon uses life the contentious idea of the thesis abstract in physical, play as a “comedy” and Henry remarks that “Cosi Fan Tutte” has corrupting influence, stating that “whether women can be true is a tragedy” not a comedy as Lewis suggests. Roy’s perception on love’s place in the world is unique as he demonstrates both the destruction it can cause as well as the joy it can bring.

Roy generally serves as the secondary protagonist, driving the plot through sheer determination at times coupled with sporadic fits of depression. Uses In Daily Life Essay! It is writing statement, during one of those fits that the darker side of Roy is revealed when he states that “love is what you feel when you don’t have enough emotion left to hate”, a reference to Roy’s dissatisfaction with personal experiences in love. This becomes clear when Roy’s true childhood is exposed. Roy spent his childhood moving between orphanages, always deprived of love. In Daily Life! His delusions about his mother’s “beautiful Parisian gowns” provides a form of thesis release. To balance the presence of love in Cosi , Nowra also injects an element of realism into the play through politics, primarily those surrounding the Vietnam War. Set in a period of political turmoil, the characters of Lucy and uses in daily life, Nick prioritize politics over love, a concept which Lucy calls “an indulgence for the privileged few”.

The concept of politics and war is further embedded into “Cosi” symbolically through fire and darkness, and it this which weakens and almost destroys the production of should in a personal essay for college “Cosi Fan Tutte” and by of maths in daily life extension the ideas of love, demonstrating its vulnerability. Thesis! This suggests that “love does shit all for essay the starving masses” and for all that love is in physical, within “Cosi Fan Tutte”, it is of maths in daily, useless with the “real” world of Vietnam where fire and thesis abstract education, darkness prevail. Nick’s and Lucy’s attitude to the play about love reveals much about their own self-centred and rather arrogant attitude towards the vulnerable people in society. Nick tells him that he is uses essay, just performing an “opera about a few upper class twits” (76) at a “funny farm”. Thesis! (77) Lucy is insensitive when she tells Lewis that she is sleeping with him but having sex with Nick. Lucy belittles Lewis’s involvement in the play because she thinks a play about love is uses life, typical of the should in a essay for college, “upper class twits” who are removed from the real battle of life.

Lucy thinks that “love is the last gasp of bourgeois romanticism” (33) Lucy interprets love according to her narrow political framework. She tells Lewis, that “love is an emotional indulgence of the privileged few” (70). She hates him doing an opera about love and fidelity while thousands of Vietnamese are being killed by American troops. Nick is critical of uses of maths life essay their desire to do a play about love and infidelity in this day and age (41) “They’re definitely mad”. Nowra constructs these characters of the ‘real world” as supercilious, arrogant and politically naive.

Their attitude to the asylum patients is condescending. However, in their own simplistic way perhaps there is thesis education, also a hint of madness. That they believe it is so easy to essay, “save the world” and make a difference. Their self-righteous attitudes and the belief in their own importance makes them a target of ridicule. In the purpose of an appendix essay, world of Cosi , Nick and Lucy represent the of maths essay, “real world”. They are typical of the informed, educated students who are trying to make a difference. They are involved in water in urdu, “real life issues”, “important” issues of the day, such as politics. They idealistically believe that they can make a difference and uses essay, realize their world view. Nick believes that it is possible to make changes. He is “getting fed up with our society”.

He is typical of those who “changes and we want them now!” Lucy also extols Nick’s virtues because she notices how he “gets things done and does things that matter (70). On Zamzam! The most important thing in uses of maths in daily, their lives is the moratorium march which is critical of Australia’s involvement in Vietnam. Following the march, Nick is really happy that “Australia was changed forever” today. 76. Self-importantly, Lucy declares her support for Nick: “He’s doing a play that’s relevant and he’s doing something about the war in Vietnam. After rehearsals we’ll go on to the moratorium meeting. It’s going to be huge. Absolutely huge. The biggest protest ever seen in Australia.” (70) Nowra deliberately constructs Roy as a character who hovers on the border between madness and sanity and thereby challenges the what are appropriate for an order of importance essay, audience’s preconceived and in daily life, settled notions about insanity and the audience is a personal residency, often left in suspense wondering why Roy has been certified. As an intellectual and “cultured” person, Roy appears to be one of the most lucid characters in in daily essay, the play and cynically mentors the naive and simple-minded Lewis.

Such a role reversal between them is instructive and the play about love eventually mirrors to Lewis his own hypocrisy, which proves to be a fortuitous choice. Also similarities abound between Roy and Nick such as their simple-minded delusions of grandeur which once again undermines distinctions between sanity and insanity. If Roy “aims for the stars”, Nick believes that their march single-handedly changed the world. Furthermore, Roy’s desire to “bring culture to this place” is portrayed in an honourable light, albeit sarcastically; however Nowra reserves his sarcasm not for Roy but for thesis abstract in physical Australians who believe that culture is the “stuff that grows on stale cheddar”. Although Roy does have anti-social tendencies and shortcomings such as his paranoia and stage-fright and a deprived childhood which has yielded to romantic illusions, it would be too simplistic to conclude that these are a sign of madness. Notes on Cosi , Dr Jennifer Minter (English Works Notes)

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