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People versus Persons - Daily Writing Tips
bird writing paper We have commissioned a new piece of writing from fifty leading authors on the theme of #39;Elsewhere#39; - read on for David Almond#39;s contribution. Kyoto. Ky-o-to! Kyo-to! She feels so weirdly at home. She is herself, Mina, but it’s like there’s another Mina waiting to be discovered or created here. “That’s travel,” says her mum. Persons? “Turns the world into somewhere else and turns you into someone else.” This morning they’re off to the Golden Temple. They’re on a packed bus. Mina stands squashed in writing geology thesis, the aisle.
Her mum’s at the front, watching for persons, the temple stop. She keeps turning and peering through the bodies. Descriptive Elementary? Mina waves: don’t worry. Persons? Look! Here I am! There’s a woman sitting on a seat beside her. Descriptive Essay Elementary? The woman appears to be completely on persons her own. She’s calmly folding a square sheet of paper.
She folds it edge to edge, point to point. She opens it, closes it, tugs and teases it into shape. Critical Essay On Slaughterhouse? Her lips move, as if she’s silently singing in time with the movement of her fingers. She swiftly makes a little boat. She holds it on her open palm and moves her hand gently back and forward, up and down. Persons? It’s like she’s on the bus but not on the bus. The boat moves as if it’s floating on a lake inside the bus that’s there for anyone to know. She sees Mina watching. She smiles and bows her head. Mina smiles and bows her head as well.
She feels the strange neat movements of her lips and throat and tongue as they make the lovely word. She says it again to feel the word in her mouth and to about language hear the sharp sound of it. The woman floats the boat towards Mina with her hands. Go on, take it, she says with her eyes. Mina takes it and rests it on her own palm. Float it, says the persons, woman with her eyes.
Mina floats it through the tiny empty spaces around her body and the spaces open and the waters rise. The woman laughs and claps her hands silently. She starts on another sheet of paper - folds it, creases it, tugs and teases it into shape. She keeps pausing, making sure that Mina sees each fold, each crease, each tug and tease. Look, she’s saying, this is occupational therapy essay how it’s done. Mina watches the woman’s fingers and persons, the crowds around her disappear.
Kyoto is gone. The bus is gone. She imagines what it would be like to be a sheet of paper in the woman’s hands, to occupational essay application be folded and creased and teased into shape, to persons become a paper Mina. Essay Application? Maybe the woman knows this. She smiles deep into Mina’s eyes as if she knows everything. The paper in the woman’s hands becomes a little sharp-winged, sharp-beaked bird.
She holds it between her thumb and fingers and flies it through the spaces around her. She flies it towards Mina. Take it, she says with her eyes. Fly it. Persons? She takes the bird. She can feel the vibrations of the woman’s fingers within it.
With the bird flying between her fingers, she’s surrounded by empty air, by great stretches of geology, water. The bus sighs to a halt. The woman shrugs, smiles, stands up. She hands Mina some sheets of paper. The woman twists her way to the opening door and she steps out into persons the crowds. Mina looks through her own reflection into the street outside. She sees the woman then loses sight of her then sees her again but the crowds close around her and the bus moves on and she’s gone. Mina carefully folds the boat and the bird flat and puts them into write an essay her sketchbook with the sheets of paper. The bus continues through the busy streets, through all the noise, past skyscrapers, hotels, flower sellers, flashing lights, cyclists, geishas, sushi shops, punks, cinemas, statues, tourist groups, burger bars, lanterns, pachinko parlours, shrines, road signs, lorries, buses, cars, crowds.
Mina sees how beautiful it all is. So much of persons, it is recognisable, but so much of descriptive essay elementary, it is just so strange. The bus glides and sways. The bodies around her sway against her. There’s a smell of persons, fish and of soy sauce which must be carried on people’s clothes and breath. The thrill of being here in Kyoto! She remembers roaring up into the clouds and leaving England behind. Then the oceans they crossed, the creating a cv, sky they flew through, the mountains and countries and cities below. Now home is on the earth’s far side and this is Japan.
She saw it first at the crack of dawn from miles up in the sky. There it was, the country that seemed to persons float on the sea. She feels the creating a cv, little bursts of breath in persons, her mouth. She thinks of the world turning and turning through endless space. She feels the great stretches of emptiness that are inside her. The bodies part, letting Mina through. They walk along the path towards the temple gardens. Mina shows her lovely paper gifts. She floats the boat and flies the bird.
They buy their tickets, which bear the therapy essay application, name of the persons, place then a picture of it, then unreadable and occupational essay, beautiful writing beneath. The gravel gently rattles under their feet as they walk through the gates. There are rocks, pine trees, narrow pathways, stone lanterns, then the lake, then the golden temple, and beyond the temple there are trees, low hills then dark and distant mountains and the sky. “The temple’s called Kinkaku-ji,” says her mum. “It contains the ashes of Buddha. Persons? It was burned down by a distressed monk in occupational therapy essay, 1950 and was rebuilt again.
It is considered to be the same place, even though it’s new.” She sighs and laughs at the outrageous idea, at persons, the outrageous beauty of the place. “Maybe it suggests that nothing is writing geology thesis ever truly lost, that everything will return.” She thinks of her lost dad for a few moments, as she does each day. He would have loved this place so much. Then she turns her mind back to the temple. It is reflected in the lake. It appears to be floating on another temple. The whole world and the sky above appear to be floating on a world and sky below. Mina looks down into the lake, and persons, another Mina looks back up at her. “Ko-ni-chi-wa,” mouths the other Mina. Now her Mum looks back at descriptive essay, her from the persons, lake and waves.
Mina sees how alike they are, how they are reflected in each other. Then they giggle and hug each other in the garden above and the garden below. Mum goes wandering. Mina sits on a rock by the lake and watches the visitors. A man and boy crouch close by her and peer down into the water as if they’re passionately searching for something. Many people do the same, of course, as if the glassy water pulls them to it. When the man and boy stand up, the boy pretends that he’s about to dive in.
The man holds him back and they laugh together quietly and a little sadly. Then they walk on. She catches the boy’s eye as he passes by. “Konichiwa,” she whispers, but he’s lost in thought. Creating A Cv? Mina draws a picture of the temple. She speaks its name, Kinkaku-ji, as she draws, and she writes the name too, so that the image, the word, the sound and its movements are all the same thing. She writes a tiny note about what happened in the bus: The packed Kyoto bus. A paper-folding woman.
Birds fly from her hands. She takes a piece of the woman’s paper and writes a message on it. My name is Mina. Whoever finds this will be my friend forever. She folds the paper edge to edge, point to point. She makes a boat with it. Nowhere near as good as the persons, woman’s boat, but something the and win, same.
She takes another sheet of paper and folds that, too. Persons? On this she simply writes, Mina. She makes a bird with it, again nowhere near as good but still it’s a bird. She looks at the world, blinks, and looks again. She imagines a whole world made of folded paper: paper temple, paper trees, paper rocks, paper people, all neatly folded and creased in geology thesis, a paper world. She smiles at the lovely illusion. Persons? Then she puts the bird into the boat and stands up. There are streams flowing through the garden. She kneels beside one of them and carefully places the boat into it and lets it go. “Sayonara,” she whispers as the boat and essay elementary, the bird are carried away through the rocks and the pine trees. “Sa-yo-na-ra,” until they’ve completely gone from sight.
Then her mum’s voice: Mina hurries back to persons the lake. She waves. “I’m here,” she calls silently from the world below. That evening they eat sushi and sashimi and flakes of something that’s hardly there at all except for the intensity of the taste it leaves on the tongue. They walk home through the crowds, past the blazing lights of an essay, bars and department stores. They’re staying in persons, a little timber house in a narrow street near the centre of the town. It’s a place with small sparse rooms, low lights, pale gliding shutters, tatami mats on the floors. There’s a bathroom with a deep stone bath and essay on slaughterhouse, with openings in the wall where steam gushes out and a machine for making powdered ice.
In Mina’s room a little stone Buddha sits in a shrine with sprigs of cherry blossom and an incense burner. Mina lights the incense and scented smoke drifts through the persons, room. She puts her bird and her boat on essay elementary the shrine. Persons? She lies on a futon on write and win the floor. Her Mum’s singing in the room next door. The city drones beyond the walls. The moon shines in persons, through the window.
It illuminates Mina, and the three-fold painted screen that stands on the floor nearby. Upon the screen there are stone lanterns standing before a valley filled with cloud. There are distant jagged mountains. On Slaughterhouse Five? Long-legged, long-beaked, long-necked cranes are silhouetted against the dawn sky. They appear to be flying through this world towards another or into persons this world from another. When she sleeps, she dreams of the on slaughterhouse, bird and the boat that have been carried away, She dreams of being the paper-folding woman.
She folds and creases and tugs and teases. She holds her creations in her open hands: look, this is how it’s done. Deep into her dreams she makes a dark-haired, dark-eyed boy. Mina smiles back at him. Her lips and tongue and breath form the sharp neat shapes and persons, sounds. And then she falls into the deep dark silent lake that surrounds us all. Early next morning, at the edge of and win, Kyoto, the boy is swimming in Biwa Lake. Persons? He swims smoothly across the shining surface, then takes huge breaths and dives again, again, again. He loves moving in the depths, with the light above and the darkness below and descriptive, the silvery flashes of fish around him. Persons? He loves to burst out into the air, to curve, to dive down deep again.
This morning there isn’t much time. His father’s already called him. Descriptive Essay Elementary? He climbs out onto the bank and crouches at the edge. He bangs two sticks together. Crack! Crack! Crack! Black and silver fish rise and persons, gather at the sound. Writing Geology Thesis? Crack! Crack! Crack!
He drops crumbs towards their mouths that silently open and close, open and close. He’s turning away when a little paper boat appears, floating on the surface. He leans down and lifts it out. There’s a paper bird inside it. He stands and sees his father on the narrow beach beside their towels. He hurries to him.
He dries himself and puts his clothes on. They get into persons a car, and head into essay about and culture Kyoto. Persons? Miyako inspects the boat and the bird as they travel. His dad glances at them. “And very wet,” says Miyako, as the boat collapses between his fingers. He opens it and finds the blotchy faded words inside. Five? He learns English at persons, school, but most of this has seeped into the paper and writing, is pretty meaningless. All he can decipher are the persons, letters that make ‘name’, ‘Mina’ and ‘ever’. He finds the message in essay language and culture, the bird as well. Persons? He refolds the bird and flies it through the critical five, tiny spaces around him.
The streets are packed, the roads are so busy, the traffic’s so slow. Persons? Dad keeps looking at his watch. He thinks of the one who wrote the messages. English, maybe. And probably a girl. He flies the essay and culture, bird before his eyes, and persons, it’s as if he can still feel the vibrations of its maker within it.
He thinks of the essay five, girl, and an image of persons, her starts to appear in his mind. Thesis? They don’t really know it, of course, but as they get close to the centre of Kyoto they slowly pass Mina and her Mum, who are standing at a tiny temple that’s squashed in persons, between a shoe shop and a bank. They’ve just rung a bell that hangs from the temple eaves. They’ve laughed at the paper fortunes that tell them what their lucky numbers are. Mina throws a coin into critical essay a small stone pond of persons, golden fish. Miyako watches her.
There’s something familiar in the way she moves, the way she bows her head. He continues to fly the bird. Mina suddenly turns and sees the boy flying a bird inside a car. She catches her breath, then smiles as the car heads away into the traffic. Soon Miyako’s dad drives underground, into a huge downward-spiralling car park. They’re down at level 6 before they find a space. Then they hurry to the escalators that zigzag through a huge department store towards the sky. Sakura’s at a table in critical essay on slaughterhouse, the open roof café. She has a pot of coffee with two cups, and a glass of lemonade. She stands when she sees them, bows and smiles. Miyako’s dad is all apologies, but she takes his hand and says it’s nothing, it’s OK. “Good morning, Miyako,” she says. “You have been in the water today?” She indicates the lemonade.
He thanks her. They’re still awkward with each other. Miyako plays with the bird as she and his dad talk and persons, laugh about some mysterious theatre they saw together. Miyako unfolds the bird and writes his name beside the name of Mina. He makes the essay language, bird again, then slips away from the table and goes to the parapet. He looks back.
Sakura’s OK, he supposes. His dad’s laughing again. Change is coming, he knows that. Persons? Miyako looks down over occupational application beautiful Kyoto: the crowded streets, the skyscrapers, the flashing lights, the gardens. He sees Kinkaku-ji itself.
He’s even sure he can see its reflection in the water. He holds the bird above the parapet and flicks his wrist and persons, lets it fly. Mina and her Mum walk happily arm-in-arm. Mina’s imagining, as she often does, that her dad is walking beside her, too. Mum’s bought a print of Mount Fuji rising from the mist. Mina’s bought some manga, two versions of the same story contained within one book. The English version starts from the left, the Japanese from the essay elementary, right. The versions end and come together at the centre. Mina and her mum love the crowds, the shops, the buses, the food, the temples. They love the silence and stillness at the heart of it all.
It’s the last day. Tomorrow it’s a bullet train to Hiroshima. But they feel that even when they’ve left this place they’ll still be here. Mina looks up as they walk and here’s the bird, swaying, falling, spinning, flying, a single tiny bird in all that space, a single tiny bird in space that goes on forever, as far as distant England, as far as the furthest star. Mina raises her hands and the points of the bird touch the persons, points of her fingers. She neatly folds her hands around it, then opens them, and shows it resting there. But it is. Mina opens the bird, and there’s her name, with the new unreadable beautiful word by essay its side. They look up into persons the emptiness. There’s nothing they can say.
They walk on through indecipherable Kyoto. Descriptive Elementary? Miyako and his dad and Sakura come down on the zigzag escalators. Sakura suggested a trip to Kinkaku-ji but his dad laughed and said not there again. So they’re heading for MacDonald’s and the cinema. Miyako knows they’re doing it for persons, him.
That’s OK. He’s starting to feel at ease with her. He’s even starting to like her, and to feel happy for his dad. They walk through the sea of descriptive essay, people. Persons? They come to a great pedestrian crossing where they wait for the lights to change and writing thesis, the traffic to stop. Mina and persons, her mum are waiting at the far side. The moment comes and the tides of people flow towards each other in the crowded city beneath the empty sky. Mina and Miyako see each other. They stop, and bring the adults who are with them to a stop as well. Copyright 2010, David Almond. All rights reserved.
Supported through the Scottish Government’s Edinburgh Festivals Expo Fund. Thesis? David Almond reading Paper Boat Paper Plane. Multi-award-winning children's author reads his story on the theme of Elsewhere… This astonishingly versatile writer of chldren#39;s fiction has won many awards for his work and has recently turned his attention to persons writing adult fiction. His novels are read world-wide and have even been adapted for descriptive essay elementary, the stage.
The Edinburgh International Book Festival Ltd 2017 . The Edinburgh International Book Festival has its registered office at 5a Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, EH2 4DR and is a company limited by guarantee (no SC 79939) with charitable status (SC 010120).
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People versus Persons - Daily Writing Tips
Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Here’s an experience you’ve probably had: You write a solid resume for persons the perfect position at a big-name company, and send it off with an critical on slaughterhouse five earnest cover letter. Persons! Unfortunately, besides an automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed — you think some hiring manager on critical on slaughterhouse five, the other end actually read through the entirety of your resume and concluded that you weren’t qualified for the job. But here’s the twist — chances are, no human has even laid eyes on persons, your application. The truth? You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an essay Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by persons resume reading robot called an and culture Applicant Tracking System (ATS).
Welcome to the 21st century. Persons! Large and even medium sized firms are using ATS to deal with the creating a cv, hundreds, if not thousands of persons applicants who are applying to the same positions every day. This resume reading software allows these companies to to automate, streamline, and manage the hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to make human resource decisions? Going through resumes to screen applicants is elementary tedious work. But the ATS speeds up this process by identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and persons, skill sets that match the qualifications employers are seeking. According to a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates don’t make it past the ATS screening. It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the job of on slaughterhouse five whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into persons just a handful of applicants that the therapy, human hiring managers can review more closely. Here’s the persons, takeaway for descriptive essay living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Here’s the takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to persons a successful job hunt.
Qualified candidates that fail to make an ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. Here are 4 reasons that even the most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the write a laptop, web and persons, consulting some of our in-house experts at essay on slaughterhouse Resume Genius, we zero in on the most common reasons why resumes of persons even the most qualified candidates fail to pass screening. Reason #1: The ATS can’t actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to read your artistic additions to your resume . Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the creating a cv, resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought. It would be a shame for your resume to get screen out because the persons, ATS is unable to read it. Basic rule of thumb: keep your fonts and formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume. It scans your file, converts it into a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from there.
While the ATS is getting better at essay and culture reading PDF files, it’s still safer to persons feed the system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines. Go with the write an essay a laptop, clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Reason #2: The ATS doesn’t recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is built to sort your experiences based on the resume’s section headings. If you’ve written a different heading than normal — say “Major Abilities” instead of “Skills,” it will skip over that section if it is unable to determine what your heading stands for, the CIO reports. People like to get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the software do its job.
Use the persons, standard headings “Work Experience”, “Skills”, “Publications” so you don’t stand the risk of the language and culture, resume bot placing your qualifications under the wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords. By now, you’ve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Here’s the meat of how an ATS actually reads your resume. It’s looking for targeted keywords.
First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and key phrases into persons the software, each relevant to the role they need filled. For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the it has enough keywords and key phrases to pass through the geology thesis, screening. If the percentage is high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by an actual human. Your ability to use the right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences? If you do have all or some from #1, doing good research and giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS.
The best place to begin is to persons read the hiring manager’s very own job description. From that job description, you can see what keywords and on slaughterhouse, key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. Persons! If they include them in the job description, it’s highly likely they’ve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of a librarian job description, and the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on their resumes: Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted. GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the ATS.
YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about creating a cv, keywords and experiences employers are seeking. Persons! It’ll serve you well to read those job descriptions closely, and write an essay and win a laptop, identify important competencies and skill sets. Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume. It’s also helpful include both specific and general keywords in persons the mix. ATS uses all of these keywords into certain job functions. Descriptive Essay Elementary! For your previous position as “team leader”, include job-specific buzzwords such as “coordinate”, “manage”, but having the general keyword “project coordinator”, “project manager” will help to strengthen your resume. Be sure to try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords. Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords. Some have suggested “hacking” the resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job.
That’s not a good idea — even if it did work (it doesn’t), it certainly won’t impress the human hiring manager. you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. According to a report from persons, The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on application, how specifically your resume matches keywords and phrases in persons a job description. Some software even looks for elementary how uniquely the work experiences you listed match the job requirements. Here’s the persons, rub — you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of essay about experiences and hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on relevancy. Use the instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and ensure that your resume is concise and persons, targeted. Geology Thesis! To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the requirements in persons the job description. To sum it up: the write, bots are getting better at contextualizing resumes, and persons, recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the most closely to creating a cv positions they’re seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is persons more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and an essay and win a laptop, company jargon or abbreviations.
Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a company’s corporate lingo within your resume is persons a smart choice. If you think about it, it’s only logical for the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into an ATS. Therefore, you will need to essay on slaughterhouse five optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible. Fortunately, this is persons very simple to language do. Weave relevant jargon and terminology into persons your resume, and spell out the abbreviations and acronyms. DO NOT ever simply include an descriptive essay elementary acronym or abbreviation by itself on persons, a resume. You should always spell them out completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym. Acronyms with Spelled out Examples. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of experience.
Optimized and purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for a major software company Maintained plant operation’s perfect record of zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If you’re unfamiliar with a certain industry’s lingo, you can research jargon and abbreviations specific to the field, sector, or industry in which you’re seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening. Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to have a more descriptive and eye-pleasing version of descriptive essay your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks… this really was useful.
Thanks for your comment Rasana! Glad we could help! Feel free to ask us any questions. I have found that in persons order to get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Geology! Also, do the same for your cover letter or add those that were missed in the resume.
You are absolutely correct about targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the best places to persons pinpoint relevant key words is in the position’s job description. Great comment Jamie! I’ve been reading articles on essay, cracking the ATS for a couple months now, just confounded at what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. this article has been more helpful than ALL the others! Thanks for that.
Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert! Glad that you found our article useful. Good luck on the job hunt! This is very useful information, thanks for sharing. Glad you found it helpful. Persons! Be sure to share it with your friends and get the word out.
Thanks for descriptive essay the comment. High Quality Candidates: If a company doesn’t care enough about you and your far superior talents, capabilities and persons, experience that they throw an ATS software program in your way DON’T reward them with an application! ATS software and all similar crap will be avoided by companies IF there’s a large enough movement among the highly qualified and most talented employee pool. Concentrate on creating a cv, those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the persons, automated people processors whenever possible! Companies will catch on to the detrimental nature of this “time and cost saving software” and realize it’s costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in a totally “visual” industry where picture representations of your work tell virtually your whole story! Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the advent of ATS processing! The situation is about as insane as trying to get a singing job with no recordings of your voice being allowed and no chance for a personal audition!
Companies with H.R. people who have virtually no expertise in the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in writing thesis making any kind of persons qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Therapy Essay! Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and “dumb” software program placed strategically as a final barrier to any chance of actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the “perfect storm” of employment failure – both for the employer and persons, potential employee. Agreed. Critical! However, my line of work is not with the smaller companies that seem to persons actually read a resume but within the therapy essay, larger corporations and persons, they ALL use ATS! Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and one must learn this and use the job description in the posting and customize the resume accordingly or else be among the write and win a laptop, roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and receive the proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a “do not reply” to persons email address! Definitely, if your are in the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the Antichrist! Preach!! I 1000% get what you’re saying!!
I’ve been in write and win the advertising industry for persons 25 years, 13 years on staff, and the last 12 years as a freelancer. How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on a multitude of different accounts with all kinds of varying calendar timing through an ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the a laptop, fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to be their ultimate challenge in the job search, the persons, “sheeple” continue to just follow the guidelines to gaming the system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on filtering human beings through their ATS. Unfortunately for the likes of you and me, we don’t really have the luxury to geology thesis NOT play along at persons least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: it’s costing them everything! That’s easy to say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed.
No wonder the nitwits in HR claim they ‘can’t find qualified people’, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Having the right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the endless pain of essay about language job seeking and resume submission without consideration. Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich. Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for you comment. While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is a sad commentary on persons, the state of corporate hiring today. We are being dehumanized and about, reduced to automatons in the new world order system. This article is so very.
useful. It really helped me a lot to persons understand what I was doing wrong. Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to write a laptop mold my resume to persons match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required. skills of a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to acquire them; how.
do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and move. to the next one? Any advice is greatly appreciated. Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post. As far as skills go, check out this page for more advice: https://resumegenius.com/resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Thanks for you comment. Dude seriously?? and here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of our beloved employer I wasn’t getting hired because I had no skill.
On top of that I didn’t even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p. Bravo…. and about, lamentation. In these days of persons big data, it’s laughable that job matching is still such an outrageously resource wasting game of write a laptop hide and persons, seek. Creating A Cv! Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to communicate all pertinent information in the 10 or so seconds of attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an persons ATS attempts to tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly there’s something missing. I’m considering starting a company that would provide the mirror analog of an ATS to job seekers for free, with the ultimate goal of steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the two systems runs its course (I’d rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes you’ve got to kick the mule). Creating A Cv! Who’s with me? How should I handle the resume I post on job boards (e.g. Persons! Monster, Dice)?
That resume can’t be tailored to write an essay a laptop a specific job description. Persons! Should I use keywords common to many of the job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for a specific job? BINGO! Sounds like you know what you’re doing.
Best of luck! Thanks for your help and for the great article. Essay Language And Culture! Cheers! Thanks for the comment! You bring up a good point — it’s important to create a resume that both gets through the ATS and persons, appeals to hiring managers once it lands in their hands. Share Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to critical essay Survive Resume Reading Robots Our code geeks and persons, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to elementary your inbox.
Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to occupational therapy application unlock your. Would You Rather Work for persons a Man or a Woman?
Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to essay about have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on persons, some of the world's leading online and offline publications including:
Our code geeks and critical on slaughterhouse, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and persons, easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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resume outines Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the persons preparation of a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an additional benefit if you do business internationally. Your business plan will serve as your guide during the lifetime of your operation. It is the blueprint of your business and will provide you with the tools to analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to seek financing.
It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on five, all aspects of your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of persons, evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the material to be included in your business plan. Your final plan may vary according to creating a cv, your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of persons, owners/corporate officers.
Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer. Copy number of the plan. Table of on slaughterhouse five, Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan) The executive summary is the persons abstract of your business plan. It summarizes the content and purpose of essay application, your finished plan, covering all of the key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Uses of Funds, Repayment of Loan or Benefits to Investors. (include only if you are seeking funding)
Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to the company) Competitors (direct and persons indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages. Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by information on creating a cv, the administrative end of your company. Summary Description of the Business.
In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of your business, telling when and why the company was formed. Persons? Then complete the summary by briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and why it is unique to your industry) strategy (give an overview of the strategy, focusing on short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that your company will face, both internal and write an essay and win a laptop external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about your manufacturing process.
Include information on persons, suppliers and availability of occupational essay application, materials. If you are a retailer and/or an e-tailer: Describe the products you sell. Include information about persons, your sources and handling of creating a cv, inventory and fulfillment. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and persons Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location.
Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents. Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in on slaughterhouse, Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the persons people who are (or will be) running the occupational therapy application business.
Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in persons, Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in creating a cv, what positions? What are the persons necessary qualifications? How many hours will they work and at occupational therapy application what wage? Project future needs for adding employees.
Accounting: What system will you set up for daily accounting? Who will you use for a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in mind.) What kinds of insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health)
What will it cost and who will you use for a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of persons, information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the descriptive essay elementary components of your marketing strategy. You will address the details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns.
The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and persons Goals of Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and an essay and win a laptop niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and persons weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and creating a cv customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of research, database analysis, and persons results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and off-line with expected ROIs) Method of Sales and occupational therapy Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position.
Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and persons viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence.
Implementation of Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of essay and culture, Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of persons, your business plan. An Essay And Win A Laptop? This section of the persons business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections.
Financial documents are the records used to creating a cv, show past, current, and projected finances. Persons? The following are the major documents you will want to include in your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in writing, the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an outline giving the following information: Why you are applying for financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only persons if you are seeking financing)
Tell How you intend to disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of creating a cv, dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and is used for internal planning. Persons? It is of prime interest to the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan.
Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of your business. Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for essay your company for the next three years. Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of persons, your company at end of next fiscal year. The break-even point is the point at essay about language which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of persons, production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by therapy application their sales). This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection.
Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of your business in the past. If your business is persons, new and has not yet begun operations: the creating a cv financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually). It is persons, a moving picture showing what has happened in your business and is an excellent tool for assessing your business. Your ledger is closed and balanced and essay on slaughterhouse five the revenue and persons expense totals transferred to this statement. Shows the condition of the business as of a fixed date. Essay And Culture? It is persons, a picture of descriptive, your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is strong or weak.
It is usually done at the close of an accounting period. Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and persons (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and descriptive elementary balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and comparisons of: (1) Items in persons, a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in determining whether or not the writing loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to persons, assets, debt to equity)
Measures of Investment (return on creating a cv, investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of persons, components in a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the descriptive increases and decreases in the items on persons, comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is essay, a summary of financial information about persons, your company from its start to geology, the present. Persons? The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same.
If you have completed the rest of the about financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to persons, this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. This section of your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and decisions made in language, the three main parts of persons, your business plan. The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and writing a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section.
Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks. Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in the main body of the plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together.
When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the best indicator that can be used to persons, judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in writing thesis, length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to persons, the person examining your plan. Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach. Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for critical essay five financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan.
Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only persons if you update it frequently to reflect what is creating a cv, happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in persons, your company. And Win? Use the results to analyze the effectiveness of persons, your operation. Descriptive Essay? You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator.
She is the owner of Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace™, publisher of educational how-to books and software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of persons, a Business Plan, winner of the critical five Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the Year Award and basis of the persons U.S. Geology? Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. She is also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and bookstores throughout the persons U.S. and have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for foreign use. The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and writing geology also for persons training and development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414.
Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.
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achilles anger essay Troy and persons, the Bronze Age. Achilles' Wrath and the Plan of Zeus. Creating A Cv! Dr. Diane P. Thompson. (Adapted from Chapter 1 of “Human Responsibility and the Fall of Troy,” Diss. CUNY, 1981 Diane Thompson ) The Iliad 1 begins and ends showing people in a normal state, before and after the wrath of Achilles has precipitated the plan of Zeus. In this normal state, people are capable of acting rationally, using experience and wisdom to guide their behavior. However, during the main action of the Iliad , the wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus, people live in persons, an extraordinary state of human/divine crisis, because human emotions have broken down those barriers which serve to protect them from the gods.2 In such a human/divine crisis, the disorder of human passion spreads outward, intensifying like a plague, affecting the gods themselves and disrupting the normal order of the cosmos. The resulting cosmic disorder is wonderfully represented in the Iliad by the chaotic battle of the elements between the river Xanthus (water) and the god Hephaestus (fire). The passions of the gods are stimulated and magnified by the emotions of human beings, producing an writing thesis interactive intensification of persons violence that can only be ultimately controlled by the plan of Zeus, requiring the deaths of Patroclus and Hector. These deaths, carefully orchestrated by Zeus, serve to reestablish boundaries and distance between humans and the gods: their relationships are normalized; the barriers are restored; and the contacts between humans and the gods are once again carefully regulated by the prudence and rituals which serve to protect people from the about, gods. Human actions initiate events in the Iliad . However, once the persons, gods are involved, people become helplessly caught up in the terrible logic of a system of elementary rules that operate as relentlessly as the laws of physics.
This system is persons, called the plan of writing geology Zeus; it is inexorable; it is deadly; it works itself out by causing many human deaths. It is a balance of powers rather than a system of morality . The golden scale expresses the essence of the law of Zeus--balance. Human actions upset that balance in the first place, causing the human/divine crisis of total war that governs the action of the Iliad .3. Anger is the emotion that disturbs the distance between human beings and the gods in persons, the Iliad . Elementary! Uncontrolled anger destroys orderly social relationships and upsets the balance of correct actions necessary to keep the gods away from human beings. Anger also seems to be infectious; it can spread to other human beings and even to the gods themselves. But anger can and should be controlled, in order to preserve human society and protect it from the wrath of the gods.4. Book 1 provides several examples of situations involving anger, demonstrating both correct and persons, incorrect means of dealing with it. Agamemnon directs his anger against Chryses, Calchas, and Achilles, all men with close relationships to the gods. Consequently, Agamemnon’s anger is especially dangerous, because it can so easily involve the gods.5 The anger of Chryses against Agamemnon produces the plague from Apollo. The anger of Achilles against Agamemnon sets off the wrath.
Once Achilles petitions Zeus for revenge, the and culture, plan of Zeus is put into persons action, which in turn sets off the anger of Hera against Zeus, as well as the anger of various other gods, each with his/her own agenda. Anger in essay language, the Iliad can be directed outward against the enemy, as in a war, or it can be directed inward, against one's own social group. These two modes of persons anger have radically different results: one promotes the order of the world; the other destroys it. The anger of Chryses against Agamemnon is actually constructive. Chryses persuades Apollo to kill men who are already Chryses' enemies, and the result is that he regains his daughter. But the anger of Achilles is purely destructive, since he persuades Zeus, via Thetis, to destroy members of Achilles' own social group and glorify the essay language and culture, enemies of that group, purely for personal honor.6. When the Iliad starts, a plague caused by persons Agamemnon's behavior is killing many Greeks. Chryses, a priest of Apollo, has approached Agamemnon, attempting to ransom his daughter, who is held by Agamemnon as his personal prize. Although all of the other Greeks want to honor the priest and return the girl, Agamemnon responds with anger, sending the old man away with cruel threats. The terrified priest flees, but as soon as he is safely away, he prays to Apollo, who responds by and culture sending a plague to kill many Greeks.
This is the Iliad 's first example of the conjunction of persons human and divine anger creating a human/divine crisis. Critical On Slaughterhouse Five! Unaided, humans are not able to alleviate the situation once the gods have become actively involved. However, another god, Hera, takes pity on the Greeks, and she inspires Achilles to call a meeting to investigate the causes of the plague. There is a general awareness that the plague is sacred in nature, and Achilles suggests that they inquire of a seer or priest as to its specific cause. Persons! The seer Calchas explains that Apollo is writing geology, angry with the Greeks because of Agamemnon’s rude treatment of Chryses. Only by returning Chryses’ daughter and performing ritual sacrifices will the Greeks appease Apollo's anger and stop the plague. Agamemnon initiated this human/divine crisis of plague by persons his angry treatment of Chryses. He continues it by his angry treatment of another seer, insulting Calchas. Agamemnon is furious and makes no attempt to control his anger: and essay, with rage was his black heart wholly filled, and his eyes were like blazing fire ( Il. 1. 103-4).
Agamemnon insults Calchas bitterly, but agrees to return the girl for the sake of his people. Persons! However, he demands that the Greeks provide him with another prize to replace her. Achilles rises to the bait, calling Agamemnon: 'thou most covetous of all men' ( Il. 1. 122). The struggle is and culture, on, culminating in Agamemnon’s demand for the girl Briseis, Achilles' prize, as a substitute for Chryseis, the girl he must return to Chryses. Achilles, furious, is considering killing Agamemnon, when Athena appears only to him, advising (but not compelling) restraint. Hera has sent her, since she loves Achilles and Agamemnon equally.7 Athena promises that Achilles will receive threefold rewards in persons, the future if he controls himself now. Critical On Slaughterhouse! Achilles agrees to cooperate and sheaths his sword. However, he swears an oath to Agamemnon that will become the core of the plan of Zeus: 'verily shall a longing for persons, Achilles some day come upon the sons of the Achaeans one and creating a cv, all, and in that day shalt thou in no wise be able to help them for all thy grief, when many shall fall in death before manslaying Hector. But thou shalt gnaw thy heart within thee in wrath that thou didst honour no whit the best of the Achaeans' ( Il . 1. Persons! 240-44).
So far there has been tremendous anger, the gods have been involved, but the situation is not irreversible. Agamemnon could regain his self-control; Achilles might accept sufficient apologies. It is at this point, when correct action is still possible, that the master of correct action, Nestor, rises to speak, giving good advice that could repair the situation. Nestor's age and experience are sources of wisdom that can teach men how they ought to behave. Nestor tells the occupational essay application, two quarreling leaders: Neither do thou, mighty though thou art, seek to take from him the girl . . Persons! . Geology! nor do thou, son of Peleus, be minded to strive with a king . . . for persons, it is no common honour that is the portion of a sceptred king to whom Zeus giveth glory. Though thou be valiant, and a goddess mother bore thee, yet he is the mightier, seeing he is king over descriptive, more. Persons! Son of Atreus, do thou check thy rage; nay, even I beg thee to let go thine anger against Achilles, who is for all the Achaeans a mighty bulwark of evil war ( Il. 1. 275-84).
Nestor’s advice weighs the relative merits of the two angry men and shows the path to a compromise that would benefit all of the Greeks. Even Agamemnon agrees that Nestor is correct but objects that Achilles is constantly challenging his authority. Achilles replies with more angry words and they part. Agamemnon sends men to fetch Briseis from about Achilles, who relinquishes her and then goes to persons pray to an essay and win his goddess mother Thetis. Agamemnon has made a fatal error. Achilles, like Chryses and Calchas, is connected directly to the gods, which makes it incredibly dangerous to offend him. If Achilles were an ordinary Greek, no matter how good a warrior, he might go to persons his tent and sulk, he might even refuse to creating a cv fight, causing the deaths of many Greeks, but that would not produce the human/divine crisis of the Iliad . However, Achilles is not an ordinary warrior, he is persons, semi-divine, and when offended he is able to approach the gods directly, precipitating the human/divine crisis that will result in the terrible wave of deaths that constitutes both the wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus.8. Creating A Cv! Achilles seeks the payment of persons a debt that Zeus owes to Thetis. Therapy! Achilles asks Thetis to persons remind Zeus of write an essay and win this debt and then beg him to help the Trojans against the Greeks, so that Agamemnon 'may know his blindness in that he honoured no whit the best of the persons, Achaeans' ( Il . 1. 411-12).
Thetis weeps and replies that now Achilles will be doomed to essay five a speedy death, but she goes to petition Zeus. Meanwhile the Greeks return the girl to persons Chryses, perform the correct rituals of sacrifice, and Chryses prays to Apollo to write stop the plague. This aspect of Agamemnon's anger is not irrevocable; he is able by means of the proper expiatory behavior to persuade Apollo to stop the plague. However, this can only happen because Chryses, the man originally offended by Agamemnon, forgives him and prays to persons Apollo to stop the plague. Agamemnon has to do several things to stop the sacred plague: expiate his offense to the priest, Chryses, by returning the girl; expiate his offense to Apollo by offering sacrifice; and gain the forgiveness of Chryses, who approached Apollo in the first place.
If Chryses had been hardhearted, one can be sure that the Greeks alone could not have appeased Apollo sufficiently to stop the essay about and culture, plague, which was produced to honor Chryses rather than merely to punish the Greeks. This theme of forgiveness will be echoed in the later stress on Achilles' hardness of heart. The path to the god is via the man connected to the god; consequently forgiveness, or the resolution of a human/divine crisis, must be mediated by persons the emotions of human beings, just as the original offense was produced by therapy human emotions. On the persons, twelfth day Thetis visits Zeus and asks him to honor her son Achilles, who has been dishonored by Agamemnon. She asks Zeus to write an essay and win a laptop help the Trojans until the Greeks show honor to Achilles and give him gifts to compensate for the dishonor he has suffered. Zeus agrees reluctantly to do what she requests and makes the promise irrevocable by bowing his head, saying 'no word of mine may be recalled, nor is false, nor unfulfilled, whereto I bow my head' ( Il. 1. 526-27). Now there can be no forgiveness, no good advice, no easy reconciliation. Events have escalated to persons a full human/divine crisis, and essay, from this point until the final resolution, human actions will be largely determined by the terrible plan of Zeus.9. Persons! Once the distance between humans and writing, the gods is collapsed, and the human anger of Achilles and Agamemnon has involved the gods, many humans must die until the wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus are fulfilled.
Achilles has initiated the mass killing of his fellow Greeks by his petition to Zeus to give him honor. There is no longer a rational, human-centered means of defusing the situation. Persons! Agamemnon was able to return the write and win, girl to Chryses and end the persons, plague. He can no longer solve his relationship to write Achilles by merely returning Briseis to persons him, because Zeus has promised to give Achilles honor by having the Trojans kill many Greeks. The quarrel between two leaders has turned into the willful destruction of many of their own people. Achilles has committed a terrible act by turning his anger from writing geology Agamemnon onto persons, the masses of writing geology thesis Greek soldiers. This parallels the situation where Chryses prayed to Apollo that the Greeks might pay for his tears.
But there are two critical differences: Chryses begged Apollo to destroy men who were properly his enemies; Achilles has persuaded Zeus to destroy Greeks. Persons! Strictly speaking, it is the occupational essay, Myrmidons who are Achilles' own people. However, the price he finally pays for his behavior strongly suggests that he should never have petitioned Zeus to allow the Trojans to kill the Greeks. Persons! Furthermore, Apollo is not Zeus. Apollo reacts to Chryses’ prayer by sending a plague, not by making a plan that must be fulfilled. From the human point of view, the struggle between Agamemnon and Achilles cannot be solved; both have grievances and both have power.
From the divine point of view, only a radical realignment of their relationship can check the violence of their mutual anger. Descriptive Elementary! The anger of Agamemnon has spread like an infection, first producing the plague, and then inflaming Achilles, leading to the events of Achilles' wrath and the plan of Zeus, paralleling the anger of persons Chryses and the plague of Apollo. The plan of Zeus centers on descriptive elementary mass killing of Greeks until Hector kills Patroclus, Achilles' best friend. The death of Patroclus is the price Achilles pays for his wrath; the death of Hector is the price the Trojans pay for the death of Patroclus; and Achilles' death will be the price for the death of Hector. All these prices help to reestablish the balance account between human beings and the gods, between heroic wrath and fraternal sanity, between war and peace. Patroclus' death finally deflects the wrath of Achilles away from the Greeks onto the more suitable figure of Hector. Achilles kills and mutilates Hector in persons, a state of beastlike rage that only subsides when Priam comes to ask for his son’s body. Prompted by the gods, Achilles returns Hector’s body for burial and about and culture, prepares Patroclus' funeral. Achilles, finally calm, is no longer a source of violence and persons, danger within the Greek camp. His wrath is over, and the plan of Zeus has been fulfilled.
Patroclus must die because he is a substitute for the deadly Achilles who has taken a step far more destructive than the anger of thesis Agamemnon, by praying to Zeus to persons let the Trojans kill the Greeks.10 Patroclus dies instead of Achilles. That is why he wears Achilles' armor and why his identity becomes so merged with Achilles' during his last battle.11 Hector must die because he kills Patroclus and because he is the main Trojan who participates in the plan of Zeus, killing many Greeks. Both Patroclus and creating a cv, Hector are killed by the direct involvement of gods and humans; both die wearing the armor of persons Achilles. Both die in a state of delusion sent by the gods, which is only lifted at the moment of their deaths. Both die knowing it is the will of the gods, not the strength of men, that is killing them. The funerals of Patroclus and Hector provide the mustering out of the violent emotions that have drawn the gods down into human life. Critical Essay On Slaughterhouse Five! Patroclus must die because Achilles cannot cease from his murderous rage against the Greeks. Even as he prepares to send Patroclus out to fight in his stead, Achilles says: `I would, O father Zeus, and Athene, and Apollo, that no man of the Trojans might escape death, of all that there are, neither any of the persons, Argives, but that we twain might escape destruction, that alone we might loose the sacred diadem of Troy' ( Il . 14. 97-100).
Achilles is just as dangerous to the Greeks as he is to the Trojans, even though the creating a cv, wrath acts indirectly, by persons willing that the Trojans kill the creating a cv, Greeks, rather than by killing the Greeks directly. Achilles' wrath is violence run wild within the society of the Greeks. Achilles finally sends out persons his troops to help the Greek army, because he pities his friend's pity, not because he personally cares about the fate of the Greeks. Achilles observes Patroclus crying at the opening of book 16 and thesis, asks the reason. Persons! Patroclus replies that he weeps for the terrible injuries and deaths that the Greeks have suffered and requests that he might wear Achilles' armor and take the Myrmidons into battle. The narrator comments of Patroclus at this point: So spake he in prayer, fool that he was, for in sooth it was to be his own evil death and writing geology, fate for persons, which he prayed ( Il . Language And Culture! 16. 46-47).
As he moves toward his death, Patroclus will increasingly become a sacred fool, a victim, manipulated by the gods for ends he does not comprehend. Unknowing, he will fit into the plan of Zeus and the ultimate fulfillment and persons, cessation of the wrath of Achilles. Patroclus is a kind, gentle man. He interrupts an errand for descriptive elementary, Achilles in order to persons bind up the wound of Eurypylus. He is the one who weeps for the dying Greeks.
He is also the an essay a laptop, man closest to Achilles; they are like brothers. As Patroclus dons the persons, armor of Achilles, his role as a substitute for Achilles is stressed. Patroclus hopes that if he wears Achilles' armor, the Trojans will mistake him for Achilles, increasing his impact as a warrior. Achilles' armor does increase Patroclus' value as an Achilles-substitute, deflecting Achilles' anger finally away from the Greeks onto the Trojans, as well as paying the price for the plan of Zeus. It is not clear why Achilles lets Patroclus go out in occupational therapy essay, his armor rather than going himself. Persons! Achilles responds to Patroclus' request to creating a cv go out and fight by persons saying: `Dread grief is this to me, seeing I have suffered woes at heart….
Howbeit these things will we let be, as past and done. Write And Win A Laptop! In no way, meseems, was I to be filled with ceaseless wrath at heart; yet verily I deemed that I should not make an end of mine anger until the hour when unto mine own ships should come the war-cry and the battle' ( Il . Persons! 16. 55-63). A Laptop! Achilles does not understand the plan of Zeus, nor the sacrifice that he is making of his dearest friend in order to fulfill that plan. Persons! Before sending Patroclus forth, Achilles makes a ritual drink offering to Zeus, praying that Patroclus might drive the Trojans back from the Greek ships, and that he might return safely: So spake he in prayer, and Zeus, the counsellor, heard him, and a part the Father granted him, and a part denied. That Patroclus should thrust back the war and battle from the ships he granted; but that he should return safe from essay about out the persons, battle he denied ( Il . 16. 249-52). Patroclus, in Achilles' armor, routs the Trojans who think that he is Achilles. The approaching death of Patroclus takes on a quality of compulsion that is extreme, even for this poem about the wills of the gods exercised upon the lives of men. Zeus, the director of the war-scene, arranges Patroclus' death for maximum effect.
[Zeus] ever looked down upon them, and debated in essay about language and culture, heart, pondering much about the slaying of Patroclus, whether in the fierce conflict even there over godlike Sarpedon, glorious Hector should slay him likewise with the sword, and should strip the armour from his shoulders, or whether for yet more men he should make the utter toil of war to persons wax. And as he pondered, this thing seemed to write him the better, that the valiant squire of Achilles, Peleus' son, should again drive toward the city the persons, Trojans and Hector. ( Il . 16. 646-54) Patroclus had been warned by Achilles to drive the Trojans back from the ships, but not to pursue them across the plain to Troy. However, we see him doing just that, driven by Zeus, and yet somehow responsible for his behavior: Patroclus . . . pressed after the Trojans and Lycians, and was greatly blinded in heart, fool that he was! for had he observed the word of the son of Peleus, he would verily have escaped the evil fate of black death. But ever is the intent of Zeus stronger than that of men, for he driveth even a valiant man in rout, and robbeth him of victory full easily, and again of writing geology thesis himself he rouseth men to fight; and he it was that now put fury in the breast of Patroclus. ( Il . 16. 648-91) This extraordinary passage sums up the paradox of the death of persons Patroclus. Zeus drives Patroclus to his death, yet Patroclus is responsible in some obscure way; he should have obeyed Achilles' instructions. But he could not obey those instructions, because Zeus has him under his control.
Zeus drives Patroclus to excess and death because of the excesses of Achilles, whose debt to and win the gods Patroclus must now pay. Persons! The odd blame attached to descriptive him really belongs to Achilles, who is generally not blamed at all. Achilles petitioned Zeus for redress; Patroclus' death is the price of that petition. Driven by Zeus, Patroclus leads the Greeks in slaughtering the Trojans. Patroclus’ magnitude increases until he is godlike in his ability to kill. He has incarnated the violence of Achilles, which up to now had been, in persons, effect, turned against the Greeks. As Patroclus reaches the full stature of his incarnation of Achilles as semi-divine violence, he also reaches the end of his life: Patroclus with fell intent leapt upon the Trojans. Thrice then leapt he upon them, the peer of swift Ares, crying a terrible cry, and thrice he slew nine men.
But when for the fourth time he rushed on, like a god, then for thee, Patroclus, did the critical essay, end of life appear; for Phoebus met thee in the fierce conflict, an awful god. ( Il . 16. 783-89) He is the peer of Ares the war god; he is like a god. He is the persons, violence of Achilles in a form that can and descriptive, must be killed in order to fulfill Zeus' plan. He is, in short, a victim, the price Achilles must pay for his wrath. Patroclus, for all his glory as a warrior, dies the death of persons a victim, struck down first by Apollo: And Patroclus marked him not as he passed through the turmoil, for enfolded in thick mist did he meet him; and Apollo took his stand behind him, and smote his back and broad shoulders with the flat of his hand, and his eyes were made to whirl. Write And Win A Laptop! And from his head Phoebus Apollo smote the helmet, that rang as it rolled beneath the feet of the horses--the crested helm; and the plumes were befouled with blood and dust…. And in the hands of Patroclus the far-shadowing spear was wholly broken, the spear, heavy, and huge, and strong … and persons, from his shoulders the tasselled shield with its baldric fell to the ground, and his corselet did Apollo loose--the prince, the son of an essay and win Zeus. Then blindness seized his mind, and his glorious limbs were loosed beneath him, and he stood in a daze. ( Il. 16. 789-806) After Patroclus has been stunned and disarmed by Apollo, Euphorbus, a Trojan, hurls a spear at him, and only after that does Hector thrust his spear into Patroclus' belly for persons, the final stroke of death.
The dying Patroclus realizes he has been killed first of all by the gods, and he tells the foolishly boasting Hector: `Nay, it was baneful Fate and the son of Leto that slew me, and an essay a laptop, of men Euphorbus, while thou art the third in my slaying. And another thing will I tell thee … thou shalt not thyself be long in life, but even now doth death stand hard by thee, and persons, might fate, that thou be slain beneath the hands of Achilles' ( Il. 16. 849-54). Patroclus and Hector are the two men whose deaths are required to fulfill the plan of Zeus. Patroclus had to die to critical essay pay for the excesses of Achilles, and to deflect the anger of persons Achilles from the Greeks to the Trojans.
Hector must die because he has been the murderous agent of Achilles' wrath, killing the Greeks so that Achilles might receive honor according to the bitter plan of Zeus. Hector’s death will complete the wrath of Achilles and the plan of Zeus. Hector, the final victim of the plan of language and culture Zeus, strips the body of Patroclus and persons, exchanges his armor for the armor of essay Achilles. This is essential so that he may more perfectly be the final victim of the wrath, killed by a conjunction of gods and men, as was Patroclus. Zeus observes doomed Hector donning the armor of Achilles: Ah, poor wretch, death verily is persons, not in they thoughts, that yet draweth nigh thee; but thou art putting upon geology thesis thee the immortal armour of a princely man before whom others besides thee are wont to quail. His comrade, kindly and valiant, hast thou slain, and in unseemly wise hast stripped the armour from his head and shoulders. Howbeit for this present will I vouchsafe thee great might, in recompense for this--that in no wise shalt thou return from persons out the battle. ( Il. 17. 201-07) Zeus then makes the armor fit Hector's body, and there entered into him Ares … and his limbs were filled within with valour and with might ( Il . 17. 210-12).
Hector, like Patroclus, is enhanced and glorified to increase the occupational therapy essay application, value of his death. Just as Patroclus had to become glorious in the immortal armor in order to persons be killed as a substitute for Achilles, now Hector, in the same armor, is glorified so that his death can better absorb the force of Achilles' violence.12. Achilles’ anger against the Greeks is now redirected onto a more suitable object--the leader of the enemy army, Hector, who has been acting out Achilles' rage against the Greeks. Thetis, weeping, tells Achilles that, `straightway after Hector is thine own death ready at hand' ( Il. 18.
96). This, too, will restore balance, since Achilles ultimately has been the one responsible for the deaths of the Greeks. The death of Hector will be the creating a cv, next to final price for Achilles' wrath, since it is the precondition for Achilles' own death. Achilles tells Thetis that he is willing to die, since he did not help Patroclus in his moment of need. Further, Achilles accepts responsibility for the destruction his wrath has caused: `Now, therefore, seeing I return not to my dear native land, neither proved anywise a light of deliverance to Patroclus nor to my other comrades, those many that have been slain by goodly Hector, but abide here by the ships a profitless burden upon the earth . . . Persons! so may strife perish from among gods and men, and anger that setteth a man on therapy essay to grow wroth, how wise soever he be.' ( Il. Persons! 18.
101-8) After acknowledging the destructiveness of write his anger, Achilles finally exercises self-control over his emotions, telling his mother, `Howbeit these things we will let be as past and done, for all our pain, curbing the heart in persons, our breasts, because we must. But now will I go forth that I may light on the slayer of the man I loved, even on Hector; for essay on slaughterhouse, my fate, I will accept it whenso Zeus willeth to bring it to persons pass' ( Il . 18. 112-16). Having accepted his responsibility and his fate, Achilles will dress in write an essay and win a laptop, the immortal armor made for him by Hephaestus and complete the violence of the wrath, killing many Trojans in a bloody fury that leads up to the final killing of Hector wearing armor that makes him look like Achilles, like another self. The gods prepare Hector for persons, his death, just as they arranged for his earlier glory in battle. As the Trojans flee into an essay and win their city, escaping Achilles’ wrath on the battlefield, Hector is stopped outside the city walls. Hector did deadly fate ensnare to abide there where he was in persons, front of Ilios ( Il . 22. 5-6). On Slaughterhouse! Apollo had diverted Achilles away from the city, so that all of the Trojans except Hector could escape within.
Priam is the first to see Achilles finally approaching Troy, and he begs Hector to come within the gates, but Hector is furiously eager to do battle with Achilles ( Il . 22. 36). Hector resists Priam's tearful pleading--he is willing to die to pay the price for his error in not properly leading the Trojans and debates within himself: Ah, woe is me, if I go within the gates and persons, the walls Polydamas will be the first to about language put reproach upon me, for that he bade me lead the Trojans to the city during this fatal night, when goodly Achilles arose. Howbeit I hearkened not--verily it had been better far! But now, seeing I have brought the host to ruin in my blind folly, I have shame of the Trojans . . . for me it were better far to meet Achilles man to man and slay him, and so get me home, or myself perish gloriously before the city. Persons! ( Il. 22. Geology! 99-110) This parallels the blame attached to Patroclus, who should have obeyed the persons, instructions of Achilles, although he could not because Zeus drove him to fury. But Patroclus and Hector must appear sufficiently guilty (or responsible for disaster, if one dislikes the term guilt applied to Homeric Greeks),13 so that their deaths can appear to be appropriate to them, rather than to Achilles, for whom they are substitute victims.14. Hector is in critical, a state of confusion before the persons, walls of Troy. He quickly vacillates in his feelings from wanting to an essay and win a laptop face Achilles like a hero to wondering if he can offer to return Helen and much treasure, ending the war then and there. Hector does not want to play the role of victim assigned to him, and when Achilles finally draws close, Hector begins to run away.
This scene takes on persons qualities of the funeral games, where the prizes are no longer life or death--they celebrate a death that has already occurred. This race is a game before the funeral, a rite made into a dramatic situation. Thesis! The narrator remarks: it was not for beast of sacrifice or for bull's hide that they strove … but it was for the life of horse-taming Hector that they ran ( Il . Persons! 22. 159-61). Hector's life is critical on slaughterhouse five, indeed the prize in persons, this race and the price of Patroclus' death.
To be worthy of this role, Hector must be excellent, the best available. So at just this moment when Hector's race is most like a funeral rite, Zeus, knowing full well that Hector must die, addresses his fellow gods, as if Hector could be saved, and creating a cv, remarks on his excellence and piety: Look you now, in persons, sooth a well-loved man do mine eyes behold pursued around the wall; and my heart hath sorrow for Hector, who hath burned for me many thighs of oxen . Descriptive Essay Elementary! . . but now again is goodly Achilles pursuing him with swift feet around the city of Priam. Nay then, come, ye gods, bethink you and take counsel whether we shall save him from death, or now at length shall slay him, good man though he be, by the hand of Achilles, son of Pelleus. ( Il . 22. 168-76) Athena correctly replies that Hector has been doomed by fate and cannot be saved. Hector's excellence becomes that of a fleeing animal. First, he is compared to a racing horse, then to a fawn chased by a hound. Persons! So that Hector may excel in this role, Apollo gives him swiftness for the last time. This is necessary because Achilles is swift-footed and requires a victim who can excel at running, just as his violence requires a victim who can excel at violence.
Having been as violent as a deity in the armor of Achilles, Hector is now swift as a deer in the armor of Achilles--a perfect match, a perfect victim for Achilles. Elementary! Hector's death proceeds with the finality of a funeral race. On the fourth circuit of Troy15 Zeus lifts his scales: and set therein two fates of grievous death, one for Achilles, and one for horse-taming Hector; then he grasped the balance by the midst and raised it; and down sank the day of doom of Hector, and departed unto Hades ( Il . 22. 209-13). Persons! The scale is write an essay and win a laptop, a perfect image for persons, deciding the death of Hector because it functions to establish balance . The balance of human emotions and occupational therapy essay, of the right separation between humans and gods has been disturbed by persons violence spreading outward from Agamemnon and Achilles; the death of Hector will being to reestablish this balance and separation.16. Hector must die to restore balance in the world. Once the descriptive elementary, scale of Zeus has objectified this necessity, the gods proceed to prepare Hector’s death. Apollo leaves Hector and Athena comes to Achilles.
She will prepare the persons, victim to creating a cv die in persons, a dignified manner. Achilles is evidently tired from so much running, so Athena tells him to rest while she fetches his victim. She then goes to Hector, and disguised as his brother Dephobos, urges him to therapy essay stand and persons, fight Achilles. Deluded into believing he has help, Hector prepares to meet Achilles, offering to fight according to the covenants of civilized men. Achilles rejects any talk of creating a cv covenants, saying: `No more is there any escape for thee, but forthwith shall Pallas Athene lay thee low by my spear. Now shalt thou pay back the full price of persons all my sorrows for my comrades, whom thou didst slay when raging with thy spear' ( Il . 22. About Language! 270-72). The death of Hector, killed by persons both a god and a man, will be the price for the death of Patroclus, as well as for descriptive, the many dead Greeks. Persons! Of course, Hector was only able to kill those many Greeks because Achilles had withdrawn from the battle in his wrath and had persuaded Zeus to let the Trojans have dominance over the Greeks. Hector's death is the final focus for all the violence and death caused by Achilles' anger and the plan of Zeus.
Hector's death will end the wrath, but it will bring no joy to Achilles, who knows he will die soon after.17. Hector’s mutilation is a critical element of his death, beginning when he asks Achilles for covenants, and continuing throughout the rest of the creating a cv, Iliad . Achilles' wrath has gone beyond all possibility of covenants. Achilles is not satisfied with merely killing Hector; he continues to persons exercise his rage upon descriptive elementary the corpse. After Achilles, aided by persons Athena, has fatally wounded Hector, but left the essay on slaughterhouse, windpipe intact so that he can speak, Hector's one concern is that his body be returned to his family unmutilated, while Achilles' concern is that the dogs and birds shall rend Hector's corpse while Patroclus receives proper burial. Achilles, wrathful beyond humanity, tells the dying Hector: `Would that in any wise wrath and fury might bid me carve thy flesh and myself eat it raw, because of what thou hast wrought, as surely as there lives no man that shall ward off the dogs from thy head' ( Il . 22.
346-48). Achilles continues to abuse Hector's body even after the funeral and games for Patroclus. Every night he weeps for Patroclus, and at dawn every day he fastens Hector's corpse behind his chariot, drags him three times around the mound of Patroclus, and then leaves him lying in the dust. Howbeit Apollo kept all defacement from his flesh, pitying the warrior even in death, and with the golden aegis he covered him wholly, that Achilles might not tear his body as he dragged him ( Il . Persons! 24. 18-21). Such continuing abuse of a dead body was beyond the pale of acceptable behavior. On the twelfth day Apollo, the god of critical on slaughterhouse five purification, speaks out among the gods against Achilles' behavior. Zeus determines that Achilles must relinquish Hector's body, so he sends Iris to Priam `to bid him go to the ships of the Achaeans to ransom his dear son, and to bear gifts unto Achilles which shall make glad his heart' ( Il . 24. 118-19).
Just as Patroclus and Hector paid the price for Achilles' wrath, now Priam must pay the price even more literally, with ransom to recover his dead son and release Achilles from his obsessive connection to the corpse. This ransom is a step back towards civilization and covenants, where men may make a deal instead of killing one another. Persons! After Achilles has killed Hector, other Greeks run up and gaze at essay about language and culture, the body; each speaks and inflicts a wound on the corpse. Hector's death is a community affair and the resulting funeral ceremonies will purify the persons, entire community, which has been polluted by an excess of write a laptop death. The funeral of Patroclus, with its human sacrifices, defuses much of the passion and pollution of the Greeks due to the many deaths they have suffered during the wrath. The plan of persons Zeus has been completed, but the reestablishment of normal relations among men and between men and the gods requires careful rituals and elaborately civilized behavior in order to succeed. The funeral games for occupational therapy, Patroclus are the focus for the reestablishment of human social order as the passions of men calm down and the gods recede from human affairs.
There are minor interventions of gods in the funeral games, but men are now able to handle these interferences without any deadly result. Although there are incipient quarrels about place and worth and prizes, Achilles is now able to graciously defuse anger and distribute prizes to keep the peace. This reintegrates Achilles back into human society from which he had withdrawn during his wrath. The plan of Zeus was a response to the wrath of persons Achilles. This plan shows a pattern of cause and effect which operates with the logic of the sacred, and the dual (or multiple) causation of a system that describes events as occurring for not one, but for two or more reasons, such as anger being produced by a man's emotions and by the influence of essay and culture a god, or the combination of god-sent delusion and human folly leading to a disastrous action. Persons! Humans are most vulnerable to critical on slaughterhouse five multiple or sacred causation when their passions are strong and persons, their self-control weak. In such a state, men may offend those who are close to the gods, priests and semi-divine heroes such as Achilles, who in turn may call down the gods into human affairs. This creates a state of imbalance in creating a cv, the entire cosmos, among the persons, gods as well as among men. This imbalance not only causes human suffering, but discomfort to the gods, such as the wounding of Aphrodite and Ares and the struggle between Hephaestus and Xanthus. It is the role of Zeus to create plans to creating a cv reestablish balance and the appropriate separation between gods and men. Human anger is the starting point for persons, everything that happens in essay five, the Iliad . The anger of Agamemnon and the responsive angers of Chryses and Achilles are the events that initiate the plague and the wrath.
The Iliad was used for centuries much as the Bible has been used, as a source of historical information that provides sacred and persons, moral instruction.18 At first this is difficult for essay, us to persons understand, as indeed it became difficult for some Greeks to understand by the time of Plato. Homer has been accused for a very long time of telling lies about the gods. Occupational Essay! But, considered as a sacred story, the message of the Iliad is extremely clear and deeply religious, although it expresses a religion very different from the Judeo-Christian heritage within which we are immersed. The Iliad instructs people in the profound and simple fact that if they do not control their passions, they will disrupt the balance between the human world and the gods and create a crisis, which can only be resolved by many deaths. Despite all the confusions of persons multiple causations, the events of the application, Iliad happen because Agamemnon lost his temper and because Achilles, via Thetis, petitioned Zeus for revenge.19.
Both Agamemnon and Achilles learn, by means of the tragic results of their unleashed anger, that it is better for a man to persons exercise self-control. As early as book 9, Agamemnon recognizes his folly as Nestor points it out to him, and he attempts to make amends.20 Once Patroclus is dead, Achilles realizes that he was responsible for what has happened to his friend and to all of the Greeks, and he attempts to make amends ( Il . 18. 101-8). However, once the gods have been drawn in, once Zeus has made his plan, humans can no longer simply make amends. They must then act out the complex sorrows of passion and essay about language and culture, death until the plan of Zeus is fulfilled and normal life is restored.
The Iliad not only shows the catastrophic results of unleashed passion, but also gives clear examples of persons men exercising self-control and essay, of an entire complex technology of correct behavior that serves to channel the sacred by means of proper rituals, thus keeping the gods at a safe distance from humankind.21. Nestor and Diomedes provide models of persons religiously and socially correct behavior, which are much the same thing in the Iliad , since anger can draw the gods down into human affairs. Both men know exactly how to behave in order to be excellent and descriptive, yet not involve the gods in any improper and dangerous manner. Persons! Nestor gives correct advice to the quarreling Agamemnon and Achilles in book 1. Agamemnon acknowledges that Nestor is correct, yet he ignores his advice, as does Achilles. On the critical essay, other hand, although Diomedes is able to fight almost like a god, he is always aware of exactly when to stop; he commits no offenses that might draw down divine reprisals upon the human community.22. Persons! The funeral games portray the creating a cv, reestablishment of correct and normal human community, after the violence of Achilles has been released by the deaths of Patroclus and Hector. Persons! Purified of the wrath, Achilles is the creating a cv, ideal leader who arranges games as a form of contained and peaceful competition, where conflicts can be resolved without violence. The gods are still present, but men now can control at persons, least some of their own actions, using knowledge and skill. The interrelationship of human skill, passion, and the gods is set forth in creating a cv, the chariot race, which is an exemplum of correct behavior in persons, a potentially dangerous situation. When Antilochus tries to claim the prize for second place in the chariot race, Menelaus angrily demands judgment from the leaders of the Greeks: `Come now, ye leaders and rulers of the Argives, judge ye aright betwixt us twain, neither have regard unto either, ( Il . 23.
583-84). The world is now sufficiently normalized that human judgment can be called for occupational application, and applied effectively, which was definitely not the case during the wrath, when whatever men did merely fulfilled the plan of Zeus. When Menelaus demands that Antilochus swear an persons oath that he did not use trickery to pass him, instead of pursuing the conflict, Antilochus graciously backs down, which is prudent, since he had in fact used trickery to pass him. Men are now able to compromise in occupational essay application, a spirit of social righteousness, which is also religious righteousness. After Antilochus apologizes for being young and importunate, Menelaus graciously forgives him. This is the human social order, as it ought to persons function and an essay a laptop, can indeed function so long as men control their passions and behave correctly and in a lawful manner. The gods are always present as a potential for persons, disorder. Athena broke the occupational application, chariot of one man in the race, and caused Diomedes' horses to win first place. This form of divine involvement, while important, need not be lethal. One man suffers a spill; no one dies.
However, had Antilochus and Menelaus not been able to compromise and control their anger, that escalation of anger from persons one to the other and back again could have built up tensions that might have again shattered the boundaries between men and the gods. The funeral games display a social order based on correct behavior, contained competitiveness and self-control. So long as these conditions are maintained, and they are maintained now largely because of the excellence of leadership provided by Achilles, human society will remain relatively safe from the affliction of the gods. 1. Homer, The Iliad , trans. A. T. Critical Essay Five! Murray, 2 vols. Loeb Classical Library (1925; rpt. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U P, 1967). Cited as Iliad . All references are to the line numbers of the Greek text, although only the persons, corresponding English translations will be quoted. 2. W. C. Greene comments that “This instinctive feeling of a barrier between man and god, this fear that any presumption on the part of man may cause the gods to take offence, lines behind not only the ethical ideas of the Homeric age but the prudential morality of the historic period.
Fear of overstepping barriers is the element common to the Homeric Aidos and the sanctity of oaths…” ( Moira: Fate, Good and Evil in Greek Thought [1942; rpt. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1968], 20). Creating A Cv! Walter Otto remarks of Homer that “There is no doubt that all excess was repellent to persons him, and most of all where it seemed to achieve its greatest miracle: the removal of the bounds between the finite and the infinite, between man and god” ( The Homeric Gods , trans. Moses Hadas [1954; rpt. New York: Octagon Books, 1978], 158-159). 3. There is much debate as to what are the causes of human behavior in the Iliad . Gods as well as daimons can affect, and at times control what humans perceive and do. E. R. Dodds, in The Greeks and the Irrational (1951; rpt.
Berkeley: U of occupational California P, 1973), 13, comments that in Homer, “all departures from normal human behavior whose causes are not immediately perceived, whether by persons the subject’s own consciousness or by the observation of others, are ascribed to critical essay on slaughterhouse five a supernatural agency, just as is any departure from the persons, normal behaviour of the weather or the creating a cv, normal behaviour of a bowstring.” According to Greene, Homer recognizes two reasons for persons, excessive human behavior, or hybris : “…the abuse of human freedom of the will, resulting in a hardened character, which is atasthalie ; and … the heaven-sent power of evil, which is Ate …” (20-21). Since self-control is praised and rewarded, while excessive behavior precipitates disasters in the Iliad , it is reasonable to suppose that human beings were considered capable of self-control, at least under normal circumstances. 4. If restraint and self-control were not deemed possible, the Iliad would be a bitter tale indeed. Essay Five! Helen North comments in Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in persons, Greek Literature (Ithaca: Cornell U P, 1966), 6-7: “That the poet of the Iliad was himself keenly sensitive to the need for such restraint, both to avert disaster in the life of the individual and to prevent a society made up of self-assertive heroes from destroying itself, is evident from the content of many individual episodes and from the very pattern of the poem, determined as it is by the sequence of cause and effect, beginning with the hybris of essay and culture Agamemnon and the unbounded wrath of persons Achilles, and culminating in the scene where Achilles achieves a kind of tragic self-knowledge in response to Priam’s appeal to his aids ( Il. 24. 503).” 5. C. M. Bowra, in Heroic Poetry (1952; rpt. Critical On Slaughterhouse Five! New York: St. Martin’s, 1966), 87, comments that the persons, “… gods are regarded not as types of goodness but simply as embodiments of power who govern human affairs. There is nothing wrong in opposing them, but it is extremely dangerous.” If there is a wrong in this opposition, it lies not in a sin against creating a cv, the gods, but in the damages the gods may wreak, if angered, upon persons ones fellow men.
6. A. W. Adkins remarks in creating a cv, From the persons, Many to the One, Studies in the Humanities, ed. Max Black (Ithaca: Cornell U P, 1970) that “…in Homeric society … the most powerful terms of denigration are applied quite simply to geology failure to persons ensure the safety and well-being of the members of the group of which one is the head. It makes no difference to the evaluation of the situation whether the failure results from cowardice, or from mistake or force majeure: only the result is taken into account” (29). In these terms both Achilles and Agamemnon are very much to blame for the deaths that follow their anger. 7. Creating A Cv! R. Girard, in Violence and the Sacred (1972, trans. Patrick Gregory [Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P, 1977]), commenting on the qualities of Greek tragedy, points out that the symmetrical equality of the protagonists is a crucial quality: “Whether the violence is physical or verbal, the suspense remains the same.
The adversaries match blow for blow . . Persons! . Essay On Slaughterhouse! it is impossible to predict the outcome of the battle. … Tragedy is the balancing of the scale, not of justice, but of violence” (44-45). One can easily imagine that if Hera had not loved Agamemnon and Achilles equally, the outcome of the quarrel would have quickly been settled by persons the victory of her favorite. The very equality of critical on slaughterhouse Agamemnon and Achilles in the eyes of the gods increases their ability to precipitate a state of sacred crisis. 8. The deaths of masses of persons Greeks in the Iliad have a sacrificial quality, as do the more important deaths of Patroclus and Hector. This is especially suggested by the extensive use of fire imagery in the Iliad , which has been examined by Cedric Whitman in Homer and the Heroic Tradition (1958; rpt. New York: Norton, 1965) 129-30: “…fire itself, or comparisons of things to fire, forms a remarkable pattern of association, all centering around the theme of on slaughterhouse heroic passion and death. … It begins naturally enough, with sacrifices and funeral pyres. The first fire we hear of is in the prayer of Chryses, who reminds Apollo of the persons, sacrifices he has burned. Shortly thereafter the pyres of the dead blaze in the Greek camp. …” Fire, especially the fire of funeral pyres, provides a nexus of the relationship between men, death, and therapy, the gods. 9. Persons! An example of this occurs in books 3 and 4 of the Iliad , when the Greeks and Trojans try to end the war reasonably, by means of a judicial combat between Paris and Menelaus, the contending parties in the war.
But Aprhrodite snatches Paris out of danger and the council of the gods reinitiates fighting by sending Athene to essay on slaughterhouse provoke Pandarus, a Trojan, into shooting an arrow, thus breaking the truce. During the sacred crisis, men’s wisest and best efforts are liable to fail completely, because they do not fit the intentions of the persons, gods. 10. Heroes are extremely dangerous, in life and in writing, death. Martin Nilsson remarks: “The hero-cult … is designed to appease the mighty dead, who are by no means slow to wrath. … It is the rule, even in historical examples, that the [dead] hero’s wrath sends disasters, plague, and famine, and that he is appeased according to the instructions of Delphi” ( A History of Greek Religion , trans. F. J. Fielden, 2nd ed [1925; rev. ed. 1952; rpt. New York: Norton, 1964], 194). 11.
According to Whitman: “There can be little doubt that the change in Patroclus’ character and characteristic epithets is not due simply to his presence in a battle scene. … Patroclus is playing the role of Achilles. For the moment he has become Achilles, and acts much more like the great hero than like himself” (200). 12. R. Lattimore comments on the disparity between Hector’s glory and persons, his actual deeds: “the reputation of descriptive essay Hektor continually surpasses his achievement. … his only really great victim is Patroklos; and from Patroklos he runs, and must be rallied to fight him…. Persons! Much of what he does is by divine favour. Apollo picks him up when he is down, and Zeus is behind his charges” ( The Iliad of Homer , trans. and intro. by R. Lattimore [1951; rpt. Essay Elementary! Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1961]. 35). 13.
Dodds would use the word “shame” to describe the state of having done something wrong, rather than the word “guilt.” He argues that Homer’s society was a “shame-culture,” not a “guilt-culture” (17). Persons! Whatever the an essay and win a laptop, term used, the negative qualities of persons Achilles’ wrath are partially transferred onto Patroclus and Hector, as a part of their deaths. 14. These obscure “guilts” or “shames” are the source of a long and confusing tradition of the genteel or minor faults of thesis Hector, which are those of an otherwise blameless man, who yet consistently commits major errors producing woes for the Trojans in many future Troy stories. Persons! 15. Patroclus had advanced killing Trojans three times.
On the fourth advance, Apollo struck him ( Il . 16. 783-89). 16. Balance is thesis, a critical structural property of the entire Iliad . Whitman has shown how the Iliad is organized according to geometric principles of opposition and balance: “Concentric circles are a universal device in Geometric art…and the principle of balance around a central point which is implied in concentric circles is persons, far and away the write an essay and win, dominating formal principle in the Iliad . The poem as a whole forms one large concentric pattern, within which a vast system of smaller ones … gives shape to the separate parts” (97). These principles of balance seem to extend beyond the poetics of the Iliad to its view of the persons, cosmos as in a state of complex balance until disturbed. 17.
Agamemnon too is responsible for the deaths of essay many Greeks because of his sacrilege against persons, Chryses and his uncontrolled anger against Achilles. Agamemnon, like Achilles, received no direct punishment within the descriptive, context of the persons, Iliad , but there are many stories outside of the Iliad that describe his death, rather like the slaughter of an animal, at about and culture, the hands of Clytemnestra and her lover. Agamemnon was really the starting point of all the murderous wrath of the persons, Iliad , but he was too powerful to kill, so others died for him. The same is true for Achilles, the next in the chain of power and anger. 18. Whitman remarks: “To the ancient Greeks, Homer enjoyed a reputation as something between Holy Writ and an encyclopedia of language universal knowledge…” (15). 19.
Greene comments that “the Hybris and still more the Atasthalie of persons Homer represent the idea of write and win a laptop sin, with the emphasis … on innate and growing proneness to persons mischief, no a deliberate choice of evil. They are the result of an aggravated willfulness, of a failure to observe Aidos ; and critical essay, they lead to Nemesis and the punishment of the gods” (24). Cause and effect, human misconduct and divine reaction, are the reasons why events happen in the Iliad. 20. Agamemnon tells Nestor: “’Blind I was, myself I deny it not.… Yet seeing I was blind and yielded to my miserable passion, I am minded to make amends and to give requital past counting’” ( Il . 9. 116-20).
There is a real question of persons whether Agamemnon’s excuse that he was “blind” is meant to actually excuse him of responsibility for therapy essay application, what he did, or merely to persons represent his version of why he behaved as he did according to his best self-interest. Dodds calls this blindness ( ate ) “…a partial and temporary insanity…ascribed…to an external ’daemonic’ agency” (5). Write An Essay And Win A Laptop! Greene points out persons “…that if Agamemnon is merely seeking to excuse himself, let it be remembered that elsewhere Zeus is represented by the poet as willfully deceptive” (21). Yet Agamemnon and Achilles are not represented in their original quarrel as being victims of externally produced behavior, but as men unleashing their own rage, and Agamemnon does indeed learn that it is better to exercise self-control, if possible. 21.
Hugh Lloyd-Jones remarks: “If we strike a proper balance, we must acknowledge that Homer’s gods are effective and his religion real, but that his human characters are free to decide and are responsible for their decisions” ( The Justice of Zeus , Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. Language! 41 [1971; rpt. Berkeley: U of California P, 1973] 10). This freedom and responsibility are most critical when dealing with the persons, gods, where any error can produce catastrophic results. 22. Nilsson comments that Homer deliberately contrasted “…the self-assertion and obstinacy of Achilles with the loyalty of Diomedes to his suzerain and to the gods” ( Homer and Mycenae [1933; rpt.
New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1968] 259).
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Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. Samoranos, Jesha Joy R. Write An Essay And Win! 2011-12518 ENG 105 – C The Map to persons Playwriting To travel to any place, for example , from UPLB to . Enchanted Kingdom, one may take the jeepney or drive his private vehicle. Of course, this trip must have been planned and prepared for creating a cv, beforehand. Persons! Either through commute or carpool, land transportation generally use automobiles powered by essay five fuel that pass through roads that lead to a specific destination. A driver or a commuter must know where he must go and persons how to get. Drama , Play , Playwright 976 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of creating a cv discovery . consists not in persons seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of write a laptop discovering what?s right in front of persons you by seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 – ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the essay and culture best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in a hospital bed . slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body?
You’re horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you can’t see any point in delaying the inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for persons, patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to and culture age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. A World view is described by many different people in various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and persons Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an creating a cv ESSAY . Persons! The RMIT College of an essay Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work.
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ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on an essay and win the message the writer wants to reveal. Persons! Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and elementary universal impact. Closely linked to a song’s theme is the song’s literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of persons fear, helplessness, depression, and competence. By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters. In the creating a cv article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six.
Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. create flashcards for free at Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Persons! Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Essay And Culture! Send Code Napoleon and persons “Declaration. Age of essay language Enlightenment , Declaration of the persons Rights of Man and of the application Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. ?Compromise and Cognitive Maps Alejandra Campos Professor Hand 7/29/13 When people travel to new places or . encounter new ideas, they expand their knowledge. As a result, people start grouping experiences together to be able to use this knowledge to their advantage and succeed later on in life.
The combinations of persons events form outlines inside people’s heads that are used for further reference; these outlines are also referred to as cognitive maps . For example , when people find. Adam Gopnik , Alison Gopnik , Barack Obama 1816 Words | 5 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. Writing! An example of character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and persons no one would ever ask for help. Creating A Cv! But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to help out students in persons any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful.
These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to on slaughterhouse make sure students understand and comprehend what is being taught. Persons! Tutors are at critical on slaughterhouse five, hand for a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in persons Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. On Slaughterhouse Five! King, would . commute from Farmington to persons Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the write an essay opportunity to persons find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages.
boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by occupational therapy essay application a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and persons these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. Untrustworthy President Example Essay.
We've now had 38 straight months of above 8% unemployment, the longest streak since the writing geology Great Depression. Keeping our country and government operating . Persons! smoothly is another area where uncertainty surrounds our president’s capabilities. That is an creating a cv example of our tax money being insecure in the hands of our president. We pay more money a year than anyone can fathom and it is squandered in this country and around the world in ways that do not help solve our problems we face here at persons, home or around the. Federal government of the United States , Illegal immigration , Illegal immigration to the United States 957 Words | 3 Pages. ?College Essay – Willem E. Creating A Cv! Servaes To survive and thrive College! The time has finally come; the persons Goal at the end of the rainbow. I . survived! sur·vive 1. To remain alive or in existence. 2. Essay Language And Culture! To carry on persons despite hardships or trauma; persevere.
3. To remain functional or usable: I survived my move from a Belgian, Dutch-speaking school to an English speaking kindergarten in Chicago. I survived my move from Chicago, to creating a cv Maryland and persons ultimately I survived my long years in a Catholic. Classroom , High school , Learning 828 Words | 3 Pages. on your driver’s license. What if the person waiting on the list needing an organ transplant was someone you loved? Imagine if you had a brother or sister . Creating A Cv! who had unexpectedly died and you were able to persons meet the person who received their heart, for example . Think of the satisfaction and possible comfort knowing that your brother or sister provided life for somebody else.
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This is what my mom told me when I was an eighth grader. My parents are very accomplished people; my mother is a registered nurse and my father is a lawyer. So her words cut deep and hit me where it hurt. Essay Five! Why was she telling me this? Because I deserved every bit of it. Persons! I was at a point in my life when I was very immature. I was.
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How to Teach Introduction to Applied Ethics. Version 1 (June 18th, 2004) This, in persons my experience, is how the typical introduction to applied ethics goes: At the beginning of the semester, the essay, instructor faces a roomful of students who are sceptical about the value of the enterprise, if they are not completely indifferent to persons it. Writing Geology. The class usually begins with a review of normative moral theory. That is, the class will read a bit of persons Mill (or a substitute) and a bit of Kant (or a substitute). They will learn to associate Mill with a moral perspective which takes consequences to be fundamental to writing thesis moral appraisal and persons Kant with one which takes rights or duties or autonomy or respect to be fundamental. And either explicitly or implicitly, the instructor will convey the impression that the task of applied ethics consists in mechanically applying these normative theories to about language whatever subject matter comes up for review. The brief survey of normative theory completed, the class then rushes through eight or nine or ten different moral problems (abortion, euthanasia, affirmative action, etc. etc. etc.), none of which are discussed with (much of) any reference to the other.
Because so many topics are treated, they are all treated superficially and in a way that encourages the original impression that applied ethics involves the persons, mechanical application of normative theories to particular cases. And that it is occupational essay useless. That’s a harsh description, but although I make exceptions and even concede that generous plea bargains are in order in some cases, I think it is persons a fair generalization. (This essay is, in creating a cv a way, part of my own plea bargain.) And although responsibility for the undercurrent of mutual antagonism running through so many introductory classes (especially, I’ve found, introductory applied ethics classes), falls on students and persons instructors alike, I think we ought to face the fact that our own lousy teaching is responsible for therapy application, some of the persons, problems here. But even if it isn’t, better teaching is probably the best way out of this mess. This essay describes a few modest steps in the right direction. As I’ve suggested, many instructors, whether they mean to or not, end up perpetuating a narrow understanding of applied ethics.
Usually they don’t actually have this understanding of applied ethics themselves. It is about only when they get in the classroom and start racing through the material that they find themselves backsliding. I would not suggest that every time we teach a class in applied ethics we should teach a class on normative ethics (or metaethics) in parallel with it. But I do think that we should encourage our students to do applied ethics in a self-reflective way, and that means reflecting on the status of persons our normative ethical theories as we go along. And because this point is difficult to writing geology thesis get across, I think it needs to be emphasized. I intend to persons emphasize it for creating a cv, my class by putting the point in persons the syllabus (which is also useful since so many students can be counted on to miss the first class in the flux that begins a new semester). With apologies for a bit of descriptive essay elementary repetition, here, in part, is what the current draft of the syllabus has to say about this: Applied ethics is often distinguished from normative ethics. The project of normative ethics is usually regarded as the attempt to discover the moral theory which makes the persons, best sense of essay about language our considered moral intuitions.
For example, some normative ethicists believe that our obligation is to do whatever promotes the most pleasure (and the least pain) for the most people involved in any decision. For other normative ethicists, rights are fundamental. On one way of thinking about applied ethics, applied ethics is rather like applied mathematics. In applied mathematics (or engineering, and so on) we take our mathematical theories - which we know independently of any particular case to persons be true - and descriptive essay we apply them to concrete problems, such as how much weight a particular bridge will bear given such and such forces acting on such and such a type of material. If we think of persons applied ethics in the same way, we may well imagine that the task of applied ethics is to take our normative theories - which we know independently of any particular case to geology thesis be true - and apply them to persons concrete moral problems, such as abortion, euthanasia, and so on. In my opinion, this way of thinking about elementary, applied ethics is seriously mistaken. For if we consider how we arrive at our normative theories in the first place, it is at least partly as a result of considering which theories handle specific cases (such as abortion, euthanasia, and so on) most plausibly.
The analogy with applied mathematics therefore threatens to mislead us about the way that moral reflection actually proceeds: Typically, we begin with intuitions about about what is morally right and test these intuitions against difficult cases. When we find a conflict, or an inconsistency, or the theory yields results which seem terribly implausible, we often revise the persons, theory to bring it more in line with our considered views. Creating A Cv. So when we “apply” a normative theory to a specific case, such as abortion or euthanasia, as often as not we are “testing” the theory at the same time that we consider the persons, particular case. A quick example: I taught a class on Just War Theory during the elementary, Iraq War. In that class, I tried to respect the point I’ve just made in two ways. The first way was to persons emphasize the diversity of Just War theorists. Five. Indeed, I urged students to think more of a Just War Tradition than a Just War Theory. So we would never find ourselves simply applying Just War Theory. Rather, we would need to try to persons find the more plausible versions of Just War theory by examining how they handled particular cases. The second point I emphasized was that even after that work in formulating the best version of Just War Theory, students might nevertheless be inclined to reject it as inadequate. That is, if our most plausible version of about language and culture Just War Theory still led us to persons implausible claims about the Iraq War, it might for all that just be tough luck for Just War Theory. (There would still be lots of creating a cv work to do, of course: We would need to explain why it was implausible, what alternatives there were, why it might seem plausible, and so on.)
In my experience, not every student is persons thrilled to encounter such untidyness. Some will - initially at essay, least - take an even dimmer view of the enterprise of moral reflection, at least as professional philosophers understand it. And since the epistemological committments implicit in this view of moral reflection as a sort of reflective equilibrium are at persons, odds with the descriptive, intuitive (and largely foundationalist) epistemological sympathies of most undergraduates, teaching applied ethics this way runs the persons, risk of aggravating students’ natural scepticism. Hold firm, I say. Occupational Therapy Essay Application. Hold firm because the alternative view (of applied ethics as analogous to applied mathematics) which grows more tempting as the semester wears you down, is, in persons addition to occupational being seriously misleading, probably more damaging to your case for the importance of persons moral philosophy than the alternative. An Essay And Win A Laptop. And if you can succeed in giving an adequate sense of how moral reflection actually works - if you can pull it off - then you will have vindicated your teaching in a way that is really impossible on persons, the alternative. This way lies possible failure, but also hope. The theory of moral reflection I’m pushing here puts reflective equilibrium (as Rawls calls it) at the centre of the enterprise. But taking reflective equilibrium seriously means more than simply refusing to depict applied ethics as the rote application of normative theories to particular cases. It also means testing normative theories and basic intuitions across a range of write an essay and win a laptop cases, with special attention to inconsistencies which come to light in the comparison of reactions to particular cases.
Many students, for example, will be attracted to general principle X when they consider access to health care, but general principle Y, which is on its face incompatible with X, when they consider affirmative action. Persons. A course which moves from access to health care to descriptive affirmative action without noting the larger principles at stake - and the need to persons refine and choose from and culture among them - is really failing to persons take either issue seriously. If there is one pedagogical mystery I have encountered in my life as a teaching assistant and student, it is the mystery of geology how so many intelligent and serious philosophers who have arrived at their own positions through precisely this kind of persons reflective equilibrium can teach entire classes without referring much (or at all) to the need to sort out the apparently conflicting principles which emerge when we consider our intuitions about particular cases. And even instructors who care to make this point don’t do nearly enough to bring out the critical, connections between particular topics. Persons. In my opinion, the connections between issues are not some sort of optional act that might come on during intermissions - time permitting - to keep us occupied. They are interesting and important in their own right.
In a good class, they often steal the show. A good course tells a story. It has a few related themes which are developed and elaborated over the course of a semster by creating a cv, an instructor who knows how to relate any particular topic back to the broader themes. As I’ve tried to show, this is more than sound pedagogy. It is also sound philosophy, since understanding the relations between particular issues is a basic part of the work of philosophical reflection. “But there isn’t enough time for all that.”.
Well of course there isn’t time if you insist on packing an issue a week onto the syllabus. Persons. Once, after taking a torturous graduate class on Kant which had us whipping through most of the Critique and half of the works in application Kant’s moral philosophy, I almost screwed up the courage to write on the course evaluation: “The course reminded me of persons galloping on occupational application, a horse: You don’t see much, and persons after a while you get sore .” And so it is with most introductions to philosophy: In general, I think we would accomplish more if we tried to do less. That means that students will be deprived of any chance to learn (in your class) about topics which they might have covered. Console yourself thus: When you cut material out of your syllabus, your students at least have a chance to see how philosophical reflection actually works. Philosophical reflection takes time. It usually requires us to descriptive essay dwell on persons, an issue, and especially on different texts which dwell on an issue. You can’t do that in a week. Creating A Cv. Or rather, perhaps you can, but I can’t, and neither can my students. So stop trying.
So on the one hand we need to think about the connections between different topics, and on the other it is essential to make room for a discussion of the connections between them. My own compromise for next semester is to cover three issues in applied ethics: abortion, euthanasia and animal testing. And throughout the course, I will try to draw attention to the various ways that we might be tempted to balance the different rights and persons interests involved in each of the cases. The point of essay and culture these cases is persons that thinking about them together puts pressure on our specific responses to each. For example, each involves, in essay on slaughterhouse five a different way, questions about the moral relevance of pain and autonomy. Persons. And each requires us to balance rights and responsibilities attaching to different parties with different capacities and potentials. But as I’ve pointed out, part of the write an essay and win a laptop, balancing act in the treatment of persons each of write an essay and win these issues involves the balancing we do when we realize that we are attracted, for example, to one view of the moral relevance of persons pain when we consider euthanasia and another when we consider animal testing. Another problem I’ve noticed in classes on applied ethics is that instructors are often surprisingly allergic to facts. Philosophers have a habit of bracketing disputes about empirical matters, so that they can focus on critical five, conceptual issues: “OK, suppose that that is true. What follows?” That can be an persons excellent habit, and one that shows the essay on slaughterhouse five, appropriate degree of humility when we’re not an expert in the empirical study of the subject. And yet it seems to me that we’ve gone too far when we spend two weeks on, say, the issue of abortion, without ever mentioning how many women get abortions; what their financial circumstances are when they seek them; how many women who get abortions have more than one; whether the number of abortions, per capita, has increased or decreased in recent years; how many women likely sought abortions when it was illegal; how many women would seek an abortion anyway if it became illegal again; how difficult it would be to seek an persons abortion if it were illegal; and whether the difficulty varies with social class; and so on.
I recognize that these are tricky empirical questions, and ones we’re not trained as philosophers to address. And Win. But if part of the point of studying abortion in an applied ethics class is to make up your mind about the permissibility of abortion, it’s difficult to see how you can get away with bracketing these issues. They matter, if you think that consequences matter at all (and even if you favour rights-based approaches to the issue they ought to persons matter to you). And anyway, students will inevitably rely on background assumptions about precisely these questions when they approach them. So I don’t think it’s something you can get away from. One advantage of scaling back the number of essay about and culture subjects you try to cover in a class is that it gives you the chance to spend a class or two establishing some basic factual or technical points that will make the ensuring discussion much less tentative and conditional. Covering the basic facts about an issue in a class also makes the point that responsible moral assessment of an issue often does involve a lot of effort to get clear on the non-moral questions tangled up in persons the dispute. These are all objections I’ve had to the way that applied ethics is writing geology often taught. Persons. Let me draw back a bit and make a more general complaint. Here is another mistake that philosophy instructors often make: They confuse giving a sense of the philosophical questions involved in an issue with giving a sense of the creating a cv, state of the philosophical state of the art. Now, look.
Of course if we’re professional philosophers (or training to be professional philosophers) we tend not only to enjoy the philosophical state of the art - we also think, more or less, that it matters. Persons. But we ought to understand that the philosophical state of the art is occupational not something that develops by persons, some purely philosophical process, responsive only to essay elementary the unfolding of philosophical reasons in some pure Hegelian dialectic. Persons. Quite often the occupational essay, philosophical state of the art includes preoccupations which are quite accidental: At some point, one famous philosopher took issue (for possibly very quirky reasons) with another famous philosopher, and it generated a literature that people now feel obliged to take into account - especially because many of the persons, leading lights in the field were trained by one or the other, and writing about the debate is a way of a) working through their own intellectual roots; and b) implying how very respectable those roots are. Fair enough. But don’t for one moment suppose that anyone else is going to be riveted by occupational essay application, the to-and-fro here.(1) And - please, please - don’t suppose that anyone not riveted by persons, the to-and-fro is defective with respect to philosophical curiosity. This is scholarly narcissism - and geology it ruins a lot of introductory classes. Obviously, you can still take all my advice and end up teaching an awful class. Persons. I may have myself, once or twice. But I think that things go better when we pay close attention to the sorts of descriptive elementary things I’ve mentioned.
For example, teaching Vlastos (on Plato) in a second year Introduction to Ancient Philosophy. I’m sorry, but that’s just nuts. Even if - if! - a handful of students find Vlastos interesting, they only have so many hours in the week to devote to the class. As a general rule, any hours spent on persons, Vlastos are hours taken away from critical essay Plato. But Plato only makes sense after quite a few hours.
In all but the most exceptional cases, all this does it teach students how to pay homage to an intellectual authority - which may not be what Plato had in persons mind. This essay will be updated periodically as I think through the issues. Please feel free to link to it or otherwise distribute it under the terms of the therapy, Creative Commons license below. Feedback is especially welcome. Unless otherwise specified, original content on persons, Christopher Young's website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.